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Hanover in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
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The Winebrenner Tannery

The Scene of Repeated Cavalry Charges

 
 
The Winebrenner Tannery Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, January 26, 2008
1. The Winebrenner Tannery Marker
Inscription.  By the time the counter attack on the 5th New York Cavalry Regiment had reached this area, the center of Hanover was once again under Union control. The New Yorkers continued along Frederick Street but were soon halted by gunfire from Confederate reinforcements.

Control of this area remained uncertain as cavalrymen from New York and Pennsylvania fought those from North Carolina and Virginia. The arrival of Union Brigadier General Farnsworth with elements of the 1st West Virginia and 1st Vermont Calvary Regiments tipped the balance of power to the Union side.

The Union cavalrymen again made another charge, "driving the rebels in confusion along the road and through the fields." During this charge, Private Thomas Burke of the 5th New York Cavalry captured the colors of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment and was later awarded the Medal of Honor. Two companies from the 1st Vermont Cavalry captured approximately twenty prisoners of "the worn out" 13th Virginia and 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiments in this area.

"We captured one of their colonels in an old tan vat, into which his horse had fallen." - S. J. Mason,
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formerly Sergeant of the 5th New York Cavalry Regiment

Private Abraham Folger of the 5th New York Cavalry claimed to have captured Lt. Colonel Payne and stated that: "His gray uniform with its velvet facing and white gauntlet gloves, his face and hair had all been completely stained..."

An unidentified private of the 1st Vermont Cavalry Regiment also claimed to have captured Payne.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Pennsylvania, Battle of Hanover Walking Tour series list.
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 39° 47.784′ N, 76° 59.303′ W. Marker was in Hanover, Pennsylvania, in York County. Marker was on Frederick Street (Pennsylvania Route 194) 0.1 miles east of Forney Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Hanover PA 17331, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. The Center of the Storm (here, next to this marker); The Forney Farms (within shouting distance of this marker); Hanover (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Winebrenner House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Search and Destroy, Hide and Seek
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(approx. 0.2 miles away); Fisher Place (approx. 0.2 miles away); J.E.B. Stuart's Jump (approx. ¼ mile away); Gettysburg Campaign (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hanover.
 
More about this marker. In the upper right, This photo was taken in the 1890's and shows part of the original tannery (on the left) which was located behind Frederick Street. Below the photo are portraits of Brigadier General Elon J. Farnsworth and Lieutenant Colonel William H.F. Payne who commanded the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiment at Hanover.
 
Also see . . .  The tanned Confederate colonel: Part 1. Cannonball website entry (Submitted on March 8, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2022. It was originally submitted on January 27, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,640 times since then and 10 times this year. Last updated on July 6, 2022, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photo   1. submitted on January 27, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.

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Apr. 13, 2024