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New Windsor in Carroll County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gen. Bradley T. Johnson's Raid

Looting in New Windsor

— Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —

 
 
Gen. Bradley L. Johnson's Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), December 17, 2021
1. Gen. Bradley L. Johnson's Raid Marker
Inscription.  
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded Maryland to attack Washington, D.C., draw Union troops from Richmond, and release Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout. On July 9, Early ordered Gen. Bradley T. Johnson's cavalry brigade eastward to free the prisoners. The next day, Johnson sent Maj. Harry Gilmor's regiment to raid the Baltimore area. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed Early at the Battle of Monocacy on July 9. Federal reinforcements soon strengthened the capital's defenses. Early attacked there near Fort Stevens on July 11-12 and then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley with the Federals in pursuit. He stopped them at Cool Spring on July 17-18. Despite failing to take Washington or free prisoners, Early succeeded in diverting Federal resources.

On July 9, 1864, a typical Maryland summer morning, overnight thunderstorms had steamed the unstable air wafting over the mountains and valleys northwest of Frederick. Frederick
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County native Confederate Gen. Bradley T. Johnson led his brigade of mounted men, many of them fellow Marylanders, from those mountains toward Worman's Mill on the old Frederick Road. They halted just long enough to hear Gen. Jubal A. Early's cannons belching out destruction at Monocacy Junction. The column then moved rapidly along the road to Libertytown and through it for another mile to the intersection with the New Windsor road. In New Windsor, shopkeepers had already locked their doors and fled. Johnson commandeered the Stouffer house on Main Street for his headquarters, as he recognized Nettie Stouffer as an old Frederick County classmate. His men began looting the Stouffer store across the street but stopped when Stouffer complained to Johnson. Elsewhere, the Confederates broke in and helped themselves to precious clothing and food staples. Scores of giddy soldiers loitered near the hotel that Louis Dielman had recently acquired, "modeling" their newly looted wardrobes and eating. Johnson then ordered Baltimore County native Maj. Harry Gilmor forward six miles with twenty hand-picked men to capture Westminster.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1864.
 
Location.
Gen. Bradley L. Johnson's Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), December 17, 2021
2. Gen. Bradley L. Johnson's Raid Marker
39° 32.628′ N, 77° 6.395′ W. Marker is in New Windsor, Maryland, in Carroll County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (Maryland Route 31) and Green Valley Road, on the left when traveling east on Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 302 Main St, New Windsor MD 21776, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. New Windsor (here, next to this marker); Veterans Memorial (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Desert Shield / Desert Storm Memorial (about 700 feet away); Vietnam (about 700 feet away); World War I and World War II Memorial (about 700 feet away); Korean (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named New Windsor (approx. 0.3 miles away); Robert Strawbridge (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Windsor.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 9, 2022. It was originally submitted on December 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 376 times since then and 143 times this year. Last updated on July 8, 2022, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Jul. 22, 2024