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Near Rapidan in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Cedar Mountain

The Gray Line

 
 
Battle of Cedar Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Benjamin Harrison Allen, August 9, 2022
1. Battle of Cedar Mountain Marker
This ABT marker replaced the original CWT marker.
Inscription.  "The boys threw themselves upon the ground … with a hail-storm of grape, canister, and shell falling thick and fast around them. … During that fatal period death assumed a real character, while life seemed but a dream." —Maj. George Wood, 7th Ohio Infantry, USA

Undeterred by the storm of artillery fire, Stonewall Jackson directed his men into a mile-long battle line that stretched from the trees to your left to your shelf of Cedar Mountain on your right. Jackson placed his cannons in three groupings. One collection of cannons was near the Crittenden Gate, filling a 400-yard gap in the infantry line between Garnett's and Taliaferro's brigades. Another artillery position was in a grove of cedar trees near the Crittenden Farm buildings. The third artillery position was on the shelf of Cedar Mountain. The Confederate gunners were soon hurling shot and shell back at the Federal across the field.

The artillery duel raged for two hours as Ewell's and Winder's Divisions came onto the field. Many shells flew long and exploded amidst the Confederate infantry, compelling them to leave the road and move through the trees to
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reach their assigned positions.

"A shell passed through [Gen. Charles S. Winder's] side and arm, tearing them fearfully. He … lay quivering on the ground. He had issued strict orders that morning that no one, except those detailed for the purpose, should leave his post to carry off the wounded, in obedience to which I turned to the gun and went to work." —Cannoneer Ned Moore, CSA

Union Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks had only 8,000 men in his command to contend with Jackson's total force of more than 22,000. But Gen. A.P. Hill's Division—the largest of three divisions comprising Jackson's army—had not yet reached the field when Banks ordered his attack. As the artillery fire lifted at about 5 p.m., the Ohioans, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and Marylanders of Gen. Christopher C. Augur's division stepped off to strike the center of the Confederate line where you now stand.

(captions)
A photograph taken from approximately this location just days after the battle shows the Crittenden Lane running toward the Gate. The Confederates deployed in a line parallel to the road. The well, visible on the left, can be found capped, just off the modern road. Courtesy Library of Congress

The chaos of the artillery duel at Cedar Mountain is shown in Edwin Forbes's sketch of Knap's Union Battery in action on the ridge to the right
General Winder Rd & N James Madison Hwy image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), April 17, 2021
2. General Winder Rd & N James Madison Hwy
Original CWT marker has been replaced.
of the silo in front of you. - Courtesy Library of Congress

Jackson wanted to attack Banks while he was isolated from the rest of Pope's army. By launching his own attack, Banks forced Jackson to react to advancing Federal brigades.

 
Erected 2022 by American Battlefield Trust.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is August 9, 1862.
 
Location. 38° 24.139′ N, 78° 4.038′ W. Marker is near Rapidan, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker is at the intersection of General Winder Road (Virginia Route 657) and North James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north on General Winder Road. Marker is located at Stop 3 on the Cedar Mountain Battlefield Interpretive Trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9623 N James Madison Hwy, Rapidan VA 22733, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hand-to-Hand Fighting (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain
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(approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rapidan.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Old Marker At This Location also titled “Battle of Cedar Mountain".
 
Also see . . .  Friends of Cedar Mountain Battlefield. (Submitted on August 11, 2022.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 11, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 11, 2022, by Benjamin Harrison Allen of Amissville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 123 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 11, 2022, by Benjamin Harrison Allen of Amissville, Virginia.   2. submitted on April 19, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 18, 2024