“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cambridge in Dorchester County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Eastern Shore Infantry

"Glorious Achievements"

Eastern Shore Infantry Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 27, 2022
1. Eastern Shore Infantry Marker
During the Civil War, Union Co. James Wallace (1818-1887), 1st Regiment, Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers, used this building as his headquarters. The unit, which camped east of here, enlisted most of its members from the Eastern Shore. It protected local residents, ensured free elections, countered the smuggling of supplies to the Confederates, and enforced wartime regulations. Detachments guarded other towns, wharves, and river ports up and down the Eastern Shore.

When Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee invaded the north in 1863, the regiment fought with distinction on Culp's Hill at Gettysburg. On July 4, 1863, Wallace reported that "the conduct of my men was very satisfactory. All did their duty, and, considering that this was the first time they were under fire, their behavior was very steady. … We remained upon the field until 8 P.M. when … we took up another position and bivouacked for the night. Thus ended the participation of my command in the glorious achievements of yesterday. … We have been credibly informed that the enemy we fought was the First Maryland (rebel) [Battalion]."

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Holliday Hicks (1798-1865), born near Cambridge served as Maryland's governor, 1858-1862. Although under intense political pressure to allow the state to secede, he worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to keep Maryland in the Union. When he died, he was buried in nearby Cambridge Cemetery, and the state erected a monument over his grave.

James Wallace constructed this Classical Revival-style building in 1850 for his law office. He used it as a recruiting center during the war, and after for his packing company, James Wallace & Son. The Wallace family auctioned it to the City of Cambridge in 1939. The building was leased for insurance and law offices, a gift shop, the Dorchester Educators, and the Girl Scouts. The Dorchester County Public Library acquired it in 1972.

Former Pvt. William H. Haddaway served in Co. A of Wallace's regiment. From Portrait and Biographical Record of the Eastern Shore (1898).
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 4, 1863.
Location. 38° 34.269′ N, 76° 4.536′ W. Marker is in Cambridge
Eastern Shore Infantry Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 27, 2022
2. Eastern Shore Infantry Marker
, Maryland, in Dorchester County. Marker is at the intersection of Gay Street and Spring Street, on the right when traveling west on Gay Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 301 Gay St, Cambridge MD 21613, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Barth (a few steps from this marker); John F. Kennedy (within shouting distance of this marker); Finding Freedom (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Christ P. E. Church (about 500 feet away); This Bell (about 500 feet away); Revolutionary Statesman Henry Steele (about 500 feet away); Patriot Richard Pattison (about 500 feet away); Patriot John Brohawn (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cambridge.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker has replaced the linked marker.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 28, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 28, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 113 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 28, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Apr. 15, 2024