Prairie du Rocher in Randolph County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
1818 - Changes in Government Local and State
The formation of Randolph County in 1795 proceeded Illinois' statehood by 25 years. By act of the state legislature in 1821, the settlement of Prairie du Rocher became an official village within the state of Illinois. Trustees were appointed for the village. Such a small village did not need two layers of government and the common field organization was closer to what the inhabitants had been accustomed to and met their legal needs. The village organization was renewed in 1837, when the previous one had lapsed.
1787 - United States Constitution adopted.
1789 - French Revolution begins; Marie Antoinette was beheaded four years later.
1790 - First Bicycle was invented.
Benjamin Franklin dies.
1794 - Cotton Gin was invented.
1796 - Small pox vaccine was developed.
1803 - Lewis and Clark pass the ruins of Fort de Chartres prior to starting their expedition. Napoleon signs the Louisiana Territory Treaty.
1807 - Fulton builds 1st steamboat.
1811 - New Madrid earthquake death toll 1,000+.
1820 - Creole House built.
Randolph County's property indemnification is unique due to the French arpent sem which was laid out prior to the formation of the county. Due to the system already in place, a dual property identification number was given to be able to reconcile the plotted arpents to the State of Illinois adopted Metes and Bounds. An arpent is 3,420 sq. meters, about 1 acre.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & Politics • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1818.
Location. 38° 5.185′ N, 90° 5.861′ W. Marker is in Prairie du Rocher, Illinois, in Randolph County. Marker is on Market Street, 0.1 miles north of Court Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 209 Market St, Prairie du Rocher IL 62277, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1743 - Common Ground Established in Prairie du Rocher (here, next to this marker); 1778 - Third Flag To Fly Over Prairie du Rocher (a few steps from this marker); 1722 - Village of Prairie du Rocher is Formed (a few steps from this marker); 1763 - Treaty of Paris Affects Prairie du Rocher (a few steps from this marker); 1867 - Abraham Lee from Prairie du Rocher Wins Lottery (within shouting distance of this marker); 1951 - Archaeological Dig Unearth Archaic Artifacts (within shouting distance of this marker); 1889 - First Phantom Funeral Sighting Documented (within shouting distance of this marker); Palmier's Hall & Cafe (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Prairie du Rocher.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 23, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 14, 2022, by Thomas Smith of Waterloo, Ill. This page has been viewed 62 times since then and 27 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on September 14, 2022, by Thomas Smith of Waterloo, Ill. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.