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Athens in Athens-Clarke County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Chapters in Athens Heritage

The Frontier

 
 
Chapters in Athens Heritage Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, June 19, 2021
1. Chapters in Athens Heritage Marker
Inscription.  In 1783 the Oconee River basin was the western boundary of the new United States of America. The first U.S. frontiersmen included surveyors, mapmakers, native guides, and naturalists.

To entice farmers to the new territory, the U.S. government offered each family up to 1000 acres of land for free. Mapmakers and surveyors came first to the new territory to record these land grant properties. Using tools such as compasses, levels, and chains, they also determined places for mills, dams, and raceways for the water-powered industries. Naturalists were commissioned to record and collect the plants and animals that had never been seen by Europeans and colonists. These adventurers were escorted into the newly acquired lands by Creek and Cherokee guides.

(captions)
The surveyors and levels and compasses to determine property lines. Chain carriers had the job of measuring distances with long lengths of chain.

On December 5, 1801, Clarke County was created by the Georgia General Assembly out of the part of Jackson County in which Athens and the University of Georgia were located. It was named in honor
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of frontiersman Elijah Clarke ubo is credited with the Patriots 1779 defeat of six hundred British loyalists at the Battle of Kettle Creek in Wilbes County, GA

This map shows Georgia extending to the Mississippi River. The US boundary extended from the coast to the Oconee River. Athens was in Franklin County

Surveyor's Chain carrier
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 33° 57.46′ N, 83° 21.963′ W. Marker is in Athens, Georgia, in Athens-Clarke County. Marker can be reached from East Broad Street east of First Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1170 E Broad St, Athens GA 30601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Chapters in Athens Heritage (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Chapters in Athens Heritage (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Chapters in Athens Heritage (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Chapters in Athens Heritage (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Chapters in Athens Heritage (a few steps from this marker); Mill Products (within
Chapters in Athens Heritage Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, June 19, 2021
2. Chapters in Athens Heritage Marker
shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Mill Products (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Mill Products (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Athens.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 20, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 18, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 84 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 18, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 1, 2024