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Medicine Hat in Cypress County, Alberta — Canada’s Prairie Region (North America)
 

Courthouse

 
 
Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
1. Courthouse Marker
Inscription.  
Until 1892, when Medicine Hat became a separate judicial seat for the territorial District of Assiniboia, court officials travelled from the judicial headquarters in Fort Macleod to hear cases. The first local courthouse, a small and inexpensive wood structure, was built in 1899 (since demolished).

A new courthouse was designed by R. P. Blakey, architect for the provincial Department of Public Works. Construction by Bennett & White Construction Company of Calgary began in 1919 and was completed the following year at an estimated cost of $130,000. The first court session was held on September 21, 1920, and included cases involving both horse theft and car theft.

An ornate two storey pressed brick and limestone structure in the classical revival Beaux-Arts style, it features 1919 and the Alberta coat of arms carved in the stone lintel above the main entrance. Sited on the banks of the South Saskatchewan River, it is the oldest provincial courthouse in Alberta in continuous use since its construction. The innovative architecture of the Medicine Hat Courthouse served as a prototype for two subsequent Alberta courthouses in Red
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Deer and in Vegreville.

The current courthouse remained unchanged until 1986 when a historically sympathetic addition was built on the west and north sides.

In 1978, the Medicine Hat Courthouse was designated a Provincial Historic Resource.
 
Erected by Medicine Hat Heritage Resources Committee.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureNotable Buildings. A significant historical year for this entry is 1919.
 
Location. 50° 2.44′ N, 110° 40.795′ W. Marker is in Medicine Hat, Alberta, in Cypress County. Marker is on 1 Street Southeast (Provincial Highway 41A) just west of 5 Avenue Southeast, on the right when traveling west. Marker is located beside the sidewalk, directly in front of the subject building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 460 1 Street Southeast, Medicine Hat AB T1A 0A8, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ewart Duggan House (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Medicine Hat's First Radio Station (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); St. John's Presbyterian Church (about 120 meters away); A. P. Burns House and Gas City Planing Mill (about 120 meters away); River Road — "Gunter's Folly" (about 180 meters away); First Street South Municipal Historic Area
Marker detail: Courthouse photo image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Esplanade Archives 0053.0002
2. Marker detail: Courthouse photo
(about 210 meters away); Finlay Bridge (about 210 meters away); a different marker also named Finlay Bridge (about 210 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Medicine Hat.
 
Also see . . .
1. Courthouse – Medicine Hat.
The south front has a projecting central entrance with curved pediment enclosing the shield of the arms of Alberta. There are brick and stone pilasters with double columns rising on the second story to a wide stone parapet at the roof line. The windows are trimmed with stone and the second story windows are arched. The courtroom is located on the second story on the east side. The hipped roof is red coloured. There is a basement level which connects to the Provincial Court courthouse along the east side.
(Submitted on September 22, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Century-old courthouse celebrated.
That the stately building on First Street still stands is a testament to persistence. It was saved from discussions of demolition and replacement in the early 1960s by a ground-level preservation campaign led by local lawyers. Decades later in the 1980s, then Attorney General Horsman stepped in when a planned
Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
3. Courthouse Marker
(looking north • courthouse in background)
expansion proposed an incongruent mix of modern construction on the back of the original building. Eventually, local architect Jim Needham was engaged, and his plan for the addition provided a near seamless style front to back. The Beaux-Arts Classicism style building opened in the autumn of 1920, with cells and enough space to accommodate sheriffs (who previously rented space in the News Block) as well as the RCMP and provincial government workers.
(Submitted on September 22, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Medicine Hat Courthouse (<i>entrance detail</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
4. Medicine Hat Courthouse (entrance detail)
1919 and Alberta coat of arms are carved in the stone lintel above the main entrance.
Medicine Hat Courthouse (<i>southwest elevation</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
5. Medicine Hat Courthouse (southwest elevation)
Medicine Hat Courthouse (<i>southeast elevation</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
6. Medicine Hat Courthouse (southeast elevation)
Medicine Hat Courthouse (<i>south/front elevation</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 26, 2022
7. Medicine Hat Courthouse (south/front elevation)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 22, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 69 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 22, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Apr. 21, 2024