“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

The Greenback Raid

Mosby's Men Strike It Rich

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

The Greenback Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, September 16, 2012
1. The Greenback Raid Marker
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early at Winchester in September and Cedar Creek in October, burned mills and bars, and crushed the remnants of Early's force at Waynesboro on March 2, 1865. Sheridan's victories contributed to President Abraham Lincoln's reelection in November 1864 and denied Gen. Robert E. Lee's army much-needed provisions from the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy."

During the Civil War, this was Brown’s Shop Crossing on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In October 1864, as Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army was beating Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army in the Shenandoah Valley, this railroad was a vital Federal supply line. Lt. Col John S. Mosby’s Partisan Rangers (43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry) sought to disrupt that line.

On the night of October 14, 1864, in a cut half a mile west where a bridge now crosses the line, Mosby’s men tore rails from the track. At 2:30 A.M., Engine No.
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
27, pulling an eight-car passenger train from Baltimore, reached the break and fell onto its side. Pistol shots smashed car windows. Some of Mosby’s 84 men entered the train shouting and ousted civilian men, soldiers returning to their units, women, and children, plus two army paymasters transporting $172,000 in paper “greenbacks” (so called because of their color).

German immigrants bound for a new home in Ohio refused to budge, either from ignorance of the English language or from stubbornness. In frustration, a ranger tossed a flaming bundle of New York Herald newspapers into the car, and homestead-seekers exited the now-burning train. Two Federal soldiers were shot dead, a woman was wounded, and the money was seized. The rangers galloped off to the relative safety of “Mosby’s Confederacy,” east of the Blue Ridge, and divided the loot. Each share totaled more than $2,000; Mosby declined his share.

The rail line was broken only temporarily. Additional Union troops were detached to guard it anew.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is October 14, 1864.
Location. 39° 21.768′ N, 77° 
The Greenback Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 21, 2021
2. The Greenback Raid Marker
The marker has moderately weathered but remains readable.
51.9′ W. Marker is near Shenandoah Junction, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker is at the intersection of Charles Town Road and Luther Jones Road (County Route 8) on Charles Town Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 38 Luther Jones Rd, Shenandoah Junction WV 25442, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hockensmith Apple Storage Building (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Peter Burr / William Burr Houses (approx. 0.4 miles away); Valley View / Tackley Farm (approx. 0.4 miles away); Peter Burr House (approx. half a mile away); York Hill (approx. 1.4 miles away); Gap View Farm (approx. 1½ miles away); John C. Heinz House (approx. 1½ miles away); General William Darke (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shenandoah Junction.
The Greenback Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 21, 2021
3. The Greenback Raid Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on October 3, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 17, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,816 times since then and 219 times this year. Last updated on October 2, 2022, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on September 17, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   2, 3. submitted on May 21, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from qualified purchases you make on Thank you.
Paid Advertisements

Dec. 5, 2023