“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Salineville in Carroll County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Morgan’s Raid

Morgan's Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, April 8, 2006
1. Morgan's Raid Marker
Inscription.  Here on July 26, 1863 occurred the northernmost engagement of Confederate forces during the Civil War. In this immediate area, troops under Major General John H. Morgan, C.S.A., and General James Shackelford, U.S.A., met in full engagement. After evading Union troops, Morgan’s forces were re-formed at Norristown, from whence they proceeded to West Point, where Morgan surrendered his command.
Erected 1968 by Carroll County Historical Society.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1823.
Location. 40° 37.228′ N, 80° 54.09′ W. Marker is near Salineville, Ohio, in Carroll County. Marker is on Salineville Road NE (Ohio Route 39) east of Oasis Road NE, on the right when traveling west. It is approx. 3.4 miles west of the town of Salineville. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Salineville OH 43945, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Salineville (here, next to this marker); West Grove Cemetery (approx. 2.6 miles away); Monroeville-In A Trap (approx.
Morgan's Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, April 8, 2006
2. Morgan's Raid Marker
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3˝ miles away); a different marker also named Morgan's Raid (approx. 3.7 miles away); Bergholz Veterans Memorial (approx. 7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Salineville.
More about this marker. Marker faces away from the road, towards an open field that is kept neatly mowed.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. What Was the Northern most "Battle" of the Civil War?
Also see . . .
1. Morgan’s Raid. Shorter account of his foray across the Ohio river and his capture near this marker in Carroll County. (Submitted on April 11, 2006.) 

2. Attempted Raid on the Border. More on the Calais Bank raid in Maine (see Additional Comments below). This site also has information on Confederate activity in Vermont, which is further north than this site. (Submitted on December 1, 2007.) 

3. The St. Albans Raid. An accounting of another "northernmost" engagement on October 19, 1864 in St. Albans, VT. While Confederate "terrorists" (based out of Canada) did take over the town, no Union military forces were actually engaged. (Submitted on July 10, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
Additional commentary.
1. Minimally, this marker requires an asterisk
The asterisk should indicate that
Morgan’s Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jamie Abel, September 25, 2010
3. Morgan’s Raid Marker
The Morgan's Raid marker denoting the Battle of Salineville is nestled among four junipers on the north side of Ohio Route 39 about three miles west of Salineville.
Morgan’s Raid was the northermost engagement of Confederate forces when it occurred in July 1863. A year later, Confederate forces were engaged far to the north. On July 18, 1864, Confederates under William Collins, C.S.N., moved out of their protective sanctuary in British America to attack Calais, Maine. In a piece datelined that day, the New York Herald reported that the “small party of rebel raiders” who tried to rob the Calais Bank had counted on reinforcements that never came: “They say that thirty associates promised to meet them here, but failed.” See Confederates Downeast, by Mason Philip Smith, Provincial Press, Portland, Maine, 1985, and also see Link Number 2 above.
    — Submitted November 30, 2007, by Franklin Bell of Bluemont, Virginia.

2. "Northernmost Engagement"
The "secret" to this marker is reading the fine print. This is the "northernmost" involving "Confederate forces," implying that of uniformed and organized Confederates. Clearly those wording this marker in Ohio didn't think Lt. Jackson's "Missouri Partisan Rangers dressed in Union uniforms" (See related markers), were proper Confederate forces.

And we also have the question of St. Albans in Vermont. Well again, many contend the raiders there were
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not true "Confederate soldiers" but rather partisans (or other unsavory words).

Truth be known, NONE of these locations are properly the northernmost battle. That distinction goes to an action fought on June 27, 1865 off the coast of St. Lawrence Island, in the Bering Sea, now part of Alaska. Yes, well after the surrender of troops on land, a Confederate privateer named the CSS Shenandoah captured and burned Union whalers. Thus in addition to being the northernmost and westernmost, the action was among the last battle of the Civil War. (And the CSS Shenandoah also fought the easternmost and likely the southernmost actions of the war during her voyage.)
    — Submitted March 15, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

3. St. Albans Raid
The St. Albans Raid was not a pitched battle between enemy combatants (though the townspeople did shoot back, severely wounding one raider), but the raiders were certainly real Confederates and not merely "partisans" as you put it. In fact, they were Kentucky cavalrymen who had fought under the aforementioned CS General John Hunt Morgan in his little jaunt through Ohio and Indiana. The 22 men who would be later known as St. Albans Raiders had been captured on Morgan's raid, sent to prison camp near Chicago, escaped into Canada, regrouped,
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and, under the leadership of Lt. Bennett H. Young, and with the blessing of the CS government, (Clement Clay, et al) planned and launched their attack on St. Albans. The fact that they planned their attack from, and later returned to, Canadian soil (supposedly neutral territory)caused a great international uproar, as it was a violation of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. (The very irate Vermont posse also violated the Treaty when they stormed into Canada and began laying hands on goods and persons.)
    — Submitted January 17, 2018, by Jennifer L. Theoret of Alburgh, Vermont.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 29, 2018. It was originally submitted on April 11, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 32,304 times since then and 1,092 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 11, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on October 1, 2010, by Jamie Abel of Westerville, Ohio.

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Sep. 27, 2022