Sullivans Island in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Coastal Defense: The Endicott System
1898 - 1943
The Endicott System developed from America's need to modernize coastal defenses in the 1880s. The system coordinated cannon, mortars, rapid-fire weapons, electrically controlled minefields, and round-the-clock coastal surveillance to protect against enemy attack. By World War II, the Endicott System was obsolete. In 1943 it was replaced here at Fort Moultrie by a new system of harbor defense. The HECP (Harbor Entrance Control Post) inside the fort remains from that new system.
(Caption on Lower Left):
Four 12-inch mortars, like those below, were positioned on each of the four emplacements of Battery Capron on Sullivans Island. They were grouped to fire 700-pound shells simultaneously at an enemy ship.
(Caption for photo on upper right):
One of four "disappearing" rifles at Battery Jasper,
(Caption for lower center photo):
Nitroglycerine-based powder replaced black powder and breech-loading rifles replaced muzzle-loading cannon, increasing range and destructive power of shells.
(Lower Right Caption):
Mines controlled by electric cables were placed at the entrance to Charleston Harbor. Mine fields were protected by batteries of rapid-fire 4.7 inch guns.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • Military • War, World I • War, World II. A significant historical year for this entry is 1898.
Location. 32° 45.531′ N, 79° 51.374′ W. Marker is on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is on Poe Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Located at stop nine of the tour of Fort Moultrie. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sullivans Island SC 29482, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battery Jasper (here, next to this marker); Buoyant Mine (a few steps from this marker); 10-Inch Parrott (300 pounder) (a few steps from this marker); Water for the Army (within shouting distance of this marker); Powerhouse (within shouting distance of this marker); 8-inch Parrott (200 Pounder) (within shouting distance 7-Inch Brooke Rifle, Triple Banded (within shouting distance of this marker); 10-Inch Columbiad, Rifled and Banded (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sullivans Island.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,132 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on June 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on August 18, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 3, 4. submitted on June 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.