Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Furnace Creek in Inyo County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

White Gold

 
 
White Gold Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, June 12, 2010
1. White Gold Marker
Inscription.  Though steeped in legend, the frenzied search for gold and other materials in Death Valley produced few fortunes. Borax, the "White Gold of the Desert," ranks as the valley's most profitable mineral.
Harmony Borax works, in front of you, was one of Death Valley's first borax operations. It operated from 1883-1888. The 3/8-mile interpretive trail takes you through Harmony Borax Works.

photo caption:
A 20 mule team at the Harmony Borax works about 1885. Some "20 mule" teams, like this one, had varying numbers of animals.
 
Erected by Death Valley National Park, National Park Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceNatural Resources. A significant historical year for this entry is 1885.
 
Location. 36° 28.8′ N, 116° 52.508′ W. Marker is near Furnace Creek, California, in Inyo County. Marker can be reached from Borax Mill Road west of California Route 190, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Death Valley CA 92328, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker
White Gold Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Baker, October 29, 2020
2. White Gold Marker
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this page online
, measured as the crow flies. Twenty Mule Teams (within shouting distance of this marker); Borax (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Harmony Borax Works (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stephen Tyng Mather (approx. 1.3 miles away); Old Dinah (approx. 1.6 miles away); 20 Mule Team Wagon Train (approx. 1.7 miles away); Furnace Creek Ranch, Death Valley (approx. 1.7 miles away); Death Valley 49ers Gateway (approx. 2½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Furnace Creek.
 
Additional commentary.
1. Borax
Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid. It is usually a white powder consisting of soft colorless crystals that dissolve easily in water.
Borax has a wide variety of uses. It is a component of many detergents, cosmetics, and enamel glazes. It is also used to make buffer solutions in biochemistry, as a fire retardant, as an anti-fungal compound for fiberglass, as an insecticide, as a flux in metallurgy, a texturing agent in cooking, and as a precursor for other boron compounds.
    — Submitted July 5, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
 
Harmony Borax Works image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Baker, October 29, 2020
3. Harmony Borax Works
Harmony Borax works image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, June 12, 2010
4. Harmony Borax works
Harmony Borax works image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, June 12, 2010
5. Harmony Borax works
Original Twenty Mule Team Wagons image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, June 12, 2010
6. Original Twenty Mule Team Wagons
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 12, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 828 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 5, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   2, 3. submitted on November 6, 2020, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California.   4, 5, 6. submitted on July 5, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.

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May. 24, 2022