“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Keyser in Mineral County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Keyser / Averell’s Raid

Keyser Face of Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 5, 2010
1. Keyser Face of Marker
Inscription.  Keyser. Between 1861–1865, Keyser, then New Creek, was sought by the North and South. It changed hands fourteen times. Fort Fuller, where Potomac State Collect stands, was supported by a series of forts girding the town.

Averell’s Raid. Here in 1863 General W. W. Averell started the Federal cavalry raid to Salem, Virginia, and then back into this State. This is among the great exploits of the War. Many of his troopers were from West Virginia.
Erected 1980 by West Virginia Department of Culture and History.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Archives and History series list.
Location. 39° 25.883′ N, 78° 59.2′ W. Marker is in Keyser, West Virginia, in Mineral County. Marker
Averell’s Raid Face of Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 5, 2010
2. Averell’s Raid Face of Marker
is at the intersection of South Mineral Street (U.S. 220) and Carskadon Lane, on the right when traveling north on South Mineral Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Keyser WV 26726, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Potomac State College (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Keyser / Averell’s Raid (approx. 0.8 miles away); West Virginia (Mineral County) / Maryland (approx. 0.8 miles away); Lest We Forget (approx. 0.9 miles away); Washington’s Host (approx. 4.2 miles away); Mayo and Savage (approx. 4.7 miles away); Don Redman (approx. 4.8 miles away); Working Together for the Community (approx. 5.1 miles away in Maryland). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Keyser.
More about this marker. An exact duplicate of this marker can be found on East Piedmont Street, just east of Mineral Street, in front of the old Keyser High School.
Also see . . .
1. A History of New Creek and Keyser. “On 11-28-1864, a Confederate force under Gen Rosser managed by wearing some stolen blue Union uniforms, to penetrate Fort Fuller about 10 AM. They withdrew about 4:00PM. While there, they captured @ 400 Union soldiers and also private citizens, all who were taken to Libby Prison in Richmond. Among the citizens captured were Andrew Shillingburg of Elk Garden, I. D. Caldwell, and Marshall M. Saure. The only fatality was a Confederate soldier,
The View North at the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 5, 2010
3. The View North at the Marker
who was killed at the corner of Main and Center Streets, where Minnich’s Flower Shop is now.” (Submitted on July 9, 2010.) 

2. William Averell's Cavalry Raid on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad. 2000 article by Robert Thompson. “The eastern end of the 204-mile Virginia & Tennessee line was at Lynchburg, where cars transferred to the Southside Railroad could continue their eastward trek to Petersburg and Richmond. Heading west from Lynchburg, the Virginia & Tennessee ran through southwestern Virginia until it ended at Bristol, Tenn. At that point, the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad took over and ran to Knoxville. Halleck wanted the Virginia & Tennessee cut to sever the vital network of railways that tied together the South’s Eastern and Western theaters and served as avenues for communications and supplies. The Virginia & Tennessee’s importance to the Confederacy was heightened by the fact that Southern troops under Lt. Gen. James Longstreet were operating in East Tennessee and had recently threatened Knoxville. By cutting the rail line, Union commanders hoped to deprive Longstreet’s men of needed materiel.” (Submitted on July 9, 2010.) 
View South at the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 5, 2010
4. View South at the Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 9, 2010, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 832 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 9, 2010, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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Jul. 11, 2020