Ninety Six in Greenwood County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Forlorn Hope
June 18, 1781
Having established the third parallel and dug a mine, the Patriot troops were exhausted. Promised reinforcements from the Virginia militia failed to arrive. A frustrated Greene wrote to Congress: "...our poor Fellows are worne out with fatigue, being constantly on duty every other Day and sometimes every Day."
Circumstances forced Greene to make a difficult choice. News arrived that Lord Rawdon's 2,000 troops were headed to Ninety Six to relieve Cruger. The construction of the siegeworks did not go as quickly as Greene had hoped. He was not yet in a position to breach the Star Fort and his tired troops would be no match for Rawdon's. Spurred by his officers and men to storm the fort before Rawdon's arrival rather than give up the siege, a reluctant Greene agreed to an assault. Fifty men volunteered to lead the charge. This brave group -- called the Forlorn Hope -- surged from the trenches at noon on June 18, 1781.
Armed with axes these Patriots tried to cut through the outer defenses along the fort perimeter so that soldiers following with hooks could pull down the sandbags and breach the walls. They were quickly pinned
Erected 2009 by National Park Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1850.
Location. 34° 8.764′ N, 82° 1.129′ W. Marker is in Ninety Six, South Carolina, in Greenwood County. Marker can be reached from South Cambridge Road (State Highway 248). Marker is located on the grounds of Ninety Six National Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ninety Six SC 29666, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Attack (here, next to this marker); The Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); The Star Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); Covered Way (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rifle Tower (within shouting distance of this marker); The Well (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Approach Trench (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Second ParallelApproach Trench (about 300 feet away); Ninety Six (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ninety Six.
Also see . . .
1. Ninety Six National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service). Here settlers struggled against the harsh backcountry to survive, Cherokee Indians hunted and fought to keep their land, two towns and a trading post were formed and abandoned to the elements, and two Revolutionary War battles that claimed over 100 lives took place here. (Submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Ninety Six National Historic Site. Ninety Six National Historic Site, also known as Old Ninety Six and Star Fort, is a United States National Historic Site located about 60 miles (96 kilometers) south of Greenville, South Carolina. (Submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Nathanael Greene. Nathanael Greene (August 7, 1742 – June 19, 1786) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. Forlone Hope. A forlorn hope is a band of soldiers or other combatants chosen to take (Submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 13, 2019. It was originally submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 653 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 13, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.