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Philippi in Barbour County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Philippi

The Confederate Retreat

 

— The First Campaign —

 
Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
1. Philippi Marker
Inscription.  Col. George A. Porterfield moved his newly recruited Confederates from Grafton on May 28, 1861, after receiving word of a Federal advance on the B&O Railroad. Porterfield's force a Philippi totaled no more than 775 volunteers. Few were fully trained and all were poorly equipped.

Although the little town was "friendly country," upon learning of the Federal advance,Porterfield advised his officers to be ready to retreat south to Beverly on the morning of June 3 for there would be no advance in the heavy rain and lightning on the night of June 2. Confederate pickets returned to their quarters.

The Federal attack before dawn on the morning of June 3 caught them by surprise. Porterfield's men fled from town in the so-called "Philippi Races." The Confederates regrouped just south of town and marched in orderly fashion to Beverly.

"[Philippi] will be a lesson to be remembered by the army through the war."
-Maj. Gen. Robert E. Lee, Commanding Virginia Militia

Mrs. George Whitescarver of Pruntytown, whose husband was with the Confederates in Philippi, brought news of the Federal plans to Col. Porterfield on June 2.
Area Civil War Sites image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
2. Area Civil War Sites
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She was one of several female spies who gave information to Porterfield.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1898.
 
Location. 39° 9.177′ N, 80° 2.553′ W. Marker is in Philippi, West Virginia, in Barbour County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling east. Located in the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Philippi WV 26416, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Covered Bridge (a few steps from this marker); Barbour County Vietnam Era Veterans Memorial (a few steps from this marker); In Memory of the Sago Miners (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Philippi Covered Bridge (about 400 feet away); Battle of Philippi (about 400 feet away); Colonel Porterfield's Headquarters Flag (about 400 feet away); Confederate Regimental Flag (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Philippi (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philippi.
 
Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
3. Philippi Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 27, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,453 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 27, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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May. 26, 2022