Virginia Beach, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Virginia Legends Walk
Sherwood lived in Princess Anne County from the latter 1600’s until the 1730’s, an era when many American colonists believed in witchcraft as a way to explain unusual events. Sherwood submitted to a trial by water, a “witch ducking,” in 1706, because of charges that her behavior disrupted the lives of her neighbors. Although found guilty of witchcraft, her life was spared, and she was pardoned formally by the governor of Virginia 300 years later in 2006. She was Virginia’s only convicted witch tried by water. Witchduck Road and Witchduck Point contribute to preserving her story.
Elected by the Fifth Grade Classes of the Virginia Beach City Public Schools in recognition of the 400th Anniversary of Virginia Beach.
1732 – 1799
The Father of Our Country, Washington was unanimously elected the First President of the United States. He commanded
1880 – 1964
Gen. MacArthur was one of only five American five-star generals. His leadership in the Pacific helped to ensure allied victory, and he accepted Japan's unconditional surrender ending World War II. He is remembered for saying "I shall return!" to the Philippine people, and "Old soldiers never die - they just fade away."
Booker T. Washington
1856 - 1915
Born a slave and deprived of any early education, Booker T. Washington became America's foremost black educator of the 20th Century. He was the founder of Tuskegee Institute where he championed vocational training as a means for black self-reliance. A well-known orator and writer, he was the advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft on race relations.
George S. Patton
Gen. Patton, a second-generation VMI cadet with three Calvary tours at Ft. Myer, is among the greatest military commanders in U.S. history. He led allied ground troops in Africa, achieved victory in Sicily
The 4th U.S. President, Madison was the author of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, which earned him the reputation as "Father of the Constitution." Serving during the "Second Revolution," or the War of 1812, he empowered the Navy with three frigates: the "Constitution," the "United States" and the "President."
Cyrus Hall McCormick
McCormick invented the mechanical reaper in 1834, combining all steps that earlier harvesting machines performed separately. His time-saving invention allowed farmers to double their crop size and spurred innovations in farm machinery. His factory eventually became one of the greatest industrial establishments in the U.S.
Jefferson served two terms as third President of the U.S. He was the sole writer of the Declaration of Independence, founder of the University of Virginia, and the author of separation of church and state. He is among the most revered architects of all time.
The Queen of Country
Marshall is widely considered the founder of Constitutional Law and judicial precedent for his decisions during his 34-year tenure as the third Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He also served as the U.S. Secretary of State, as a U.S. representative, and in the Virginia house of delegates.
Ashe was the first African-American tennis player to win Wimbledon, the U.S. Open and the Australian Open. He played on the U.S. Davis Cup team (1963-70, '75, '76, '78) and as captain, the U.S. won ('81, '82). Ashe was the 1992 Sportsman of the Year.
Selected by President Jefferson, Lewis and William Clark led the western exploration of the land obtained by the Louisiana Purchase. The expedition was successful beyond all expectations in terms of geography, botany, biology, and first American contact with many Native American tribes.
Chief Powhatan was the paramount ruler of more than 30 indigenous tribes in the Chesapeake Bay area, and the highest Native American authority the Virginia colonists encountered. He welcomed Capt. John Smith, and initiated peaceful relations with the English colonists. His legacy today includes several descendant communities among Virginia's recognized Indian tribes.
The First Lady of Jazz possessed superlative musicianship and skill in scat singing (improvisational vocals). After being discovered at age 16 in a Harlem talent show, Fitzgerald performed throughout America, Europe and Asia and on milestone recordings with Duke Ellington, Oscar Peterson and Louis Armstrong.
Henry was a living symbol of America's struggle for liberty and self-government from British rule. His immortal appeal was, "I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death." He was the first Virginia governor under its new constitution, serving three terms.
Reed received his medical degree from UVa at 18 and became a career Army Major.
President Nixon dubbed her "Ambassador of Love" to the world. "Pearlie Mae" sang with Count Basie and Cab Calloway, starred in the movie version of "Porgy and Bess," won a Tony Award for an African-American version of "Hello Dolly," and received the Medal of Freedom from President Reagan.
Mason's wording in the Virginia Declaration of Rights in 1776 influenced the first ten amendments to the Constitution forming the U.S. Bill of Rights. His stand as an unwavering abolitionist led to halting the importation of slaves to America.
Richard E. Byrd
Byrd, a Naval Academy graduate, pioneered early technology that became the foundation for modern polar exploration and investigation. He also pioneered the technique of nighttime landings of seaplanes on the ocean. On May 9th, 1926
T. J. "Stonewall" Jackson
Thomas J. Jackson served on the VMI faculty as Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy and Instructor of Artillery. His bravery and battle skills led Confederate troops to victory in ten major battles. At Manassas, greatly outnumbered, it was noted, "Look, there stands Jackson like a stone wall."
Alan B. Shepard
The first American astronaut in space, Shepard flew aboard Mercury 3, reaching an altitude of 116 miles on a 15-minute flight on May 5, 1961. In 1971, he commanded Apollo 14 and walked on the surface of the moon for nine hours. On live worldwide TV, he became the first person to golf on the moon.
The Carter Family
A.P. Carter, 1891-1960
Sara Dougherty, 1898-1979
“Mother” Maybelle Carter, (1909-1978)
“The First Family of Country Music,” They switched emphasis from hillbilly instrumentals to harmony vocals, made scores of standard country music classics, and made their “CarterLick” guitar-playing the dominant
Pocahontas, daughter of Algonquin Chief Powhatan, displayed her heroism in 1607 by saving Captain John Smith's life. She was the first Native American to convert to Christianity and receive an English name, "Rebecca." Her marriage to John Rolfe brought peace between the English and Powhatan tribes, an accomplishment affecting the rest of American history.
Robert E. Lee
One of America's most brilliant military strategists, Lee graduated from the U.S. Military Academy 2nd in his class, as the only cadet who never earned a single demerit. He commanded the Confederate Army and surrendered at Appomattox to end the Civil War.
William Henry Harrison
Charles City County
Harrison attained nearly 50 million acres of land from treaties with Native American tribes. This resulted in a rebellion by Indian leader Tecumseh, and led to the Battle of Tippecanoe, which made Harrison a hero of the War of 1812. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate and as Ambassador
Bill "Bojangles" Robrinson
"Bojangles" was the first African-American superstar entertainer, starting in Vaudeville as a dancer and becoming a movie actor. By 1908, he was earning $3,500 a week. His famous "stair dance" was invented spontaneously while we was receiving an honor from the King of England, who was atop steps.
Edgar Allan Poe
"The Dark Genius," Poe is among America's best poets and the originator of the American short story, both of which he elevated to art forms. He penned such literary classics as "The Raven," "The Pit and the Pendulum," "The Tell-Tale Heart," and "The Murders in the Rue Morgue."
George C. Marshall
Gen. Marshall graduated VMI, beginning a long career of public service including Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State, Army Chief of Staff and helping to develop NATO. His "Marshall Plan" for European economic reconstruction earned him the Nobel Peace Prize, as the first soldier to win that honor.
The 5th U.S. President, his Monroe Doctrine was the foundation of foreign
Wolfe is the father of New Journalism being the first use present tense in magazine profiles. He coined the terms "statusphere," "radical chic," "The Me Decade," and "good ol' boy," as well as "The Right Stuff," which became a movie that won four Oscars and eight Academy Award nominations in 1983.
The 28th U.S. President, Wilson was Commander of the largest armed force in U.S. history during World War I. Always for peaceful resolve, his Fourteen points led to the Armistice, effectively ending the war with the Versailles Treaty. He also served as President of Princeton University.
Captain John Smith
Our earliest national hero, Captain Smith established the first permanent English settlement in America in Jamestown in 1607. Saved by Pocahontas, he established peaceful relations with the Algonquin Indian tribes. His rigid discipline was "He who does not work, will not eat," and his strong leadership was the foundation of the settlement's survival.
Styron won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature as well as the William Dean Howells Medal from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1968 as a result of “The Confessions of Nat Turner.” He also wrote Sophie's Choice and won the National Book Award in 1980, which was made into a movie in 1982 and received five Academy Award nominations and the Best Actress Oscar.
The 12th U.S. President, Taylor earned his national reputation in the Mexican War. There he commanded the military in Texas after its annexation to the U.S. and successfully kept the territory in American possession. His nickname was "Old Rough and Ready."
Charles City County
The 10th U.S. President, Tyler was the first to succeed on death of an incumbent. He established "full presidential powers, not just acting power." His foreign policy opened trade with China and established the Maine boundary. He was the force driving the annexation of Texas, and he ended the Seminole War.
Couric was the first woman to solo anchor and be managing editor for a major television news prime-time broadcast, the CBS Evening
Virginia Legends Walk
Dedicated July 19, 1999
City of Virginia Beach
Beach events by Cellar Door, Sprint PCS, Brickell &Partners, Langley and McDonald, Inc, McKenzie Construction, Dernis International, Middleton Construction Corps., Admiral Signs, Masonry Buildings Corp., Pricewaterhouse Coopers, Proudly Sponsored by Spint, Sprint PCS.
White House Millennium Council
“Honor the Past ~ Imagine the Future”
Erected 1999 by the City of Virginia Beach.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Agriculture • Air & Space • Architecture • Arts, Letters, Music • Colonial Era Communications • Education • Entertainment • Exploration • Industry & Commerce • Law Enforcement • Native Americans • Peace • Science & Medicine • Sports • War of 1812 • War, Mexican-American • War, US Civil • War, US Revolutionary • War, World I • War, World II • Wars, US Indian • Waterways & Vessels • Women. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities, the Lewis & Clark Expedition, and the Medal of Honor Recipients
Location. 36° 50.496′ N, 75° 58.413′ W. Marker is in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Marker is on 13th Street. The Virginia Legends Walk, once 13th Street between Atlantic and Pacific Avenues, is now a pedestrian only walkway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Virginia Beach VA 23451, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. de Witt Cottage (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Neighborhood Alert! (approx. 0.2 miles away); Who's in the neighborhood? (approx. 0.2 miles away); The War of 1812 / President – Little Belt Affair (approx. ¾ mile away); The United States Life-Saving Service Stations & Crews (approx. ¾ mile away); The Wreck of the Dictator and The Norwegian Lady Statue (approx. 0.8 miles away); Naval Air Station Oceana (approx. 0.8 miles away); Naval Aviation Monument Park (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Virginia Beach.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Other Virginia Legends markers in the database. There is no Historical Marker in the database dedicated to Ella Fitzgerald, Pearl Bailey, Alan Shepard, Tom Wolfe, William Styron, or Katie Couric.
Also see . . . Virginia Legends Walk web site. (Submitted on July 29, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 27, 2019. It was originally submitted on July 28, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,357 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on July 28, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19. submitted on July 29, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. submitted on July 30, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46. submitted on July 31, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.