Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Old Custom House
Designed by federal architect Ammi B. Young for use as Custom House, Post Office and Federal Court. Constructed 1856-9 at cost of $96,918. Convention here in 1861 helped set stage for West Virginia Statehood. State’s first constitution approved here in 1862. Arthur Boreman, first Governor, and other officials, had offices here through 1863 when control returned to U.S. Government.
Erected 1981 by West Virginia Department of Culture and History.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the West Virginia Archives and History series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1861.
Location. 40° 3.837′ N, 80° 43.316′ W. Marker is in Wheeling, West Virginia, in Ohio County. Marker is at the intersection of 16th Street (West Virginia Route 2) and Market Street, on the right when traveling west on 16th Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wheeling WV 26003, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Francis H. Pierpont (a few steps from this marker); The Athenaeum B & O Railroad (a few steps from this marker); Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Athenaeum (a few steps from this marker); The First Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Wheeling Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Garibaldi (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wheeling.
Regarding Old Custom House. During the Civil War years, immediately after the state of Virginia seceded from the Union, the "Old Custom House" became the center of activity for West Virginia statehood. It was here that a convention of loyal citizens from the western counties of Virginia was held, and the end result was that a Restored Government of Virginia was created. Later, a Constitutional Convention was held in the "Old Custom House" that eventually resulted in West Virginia statehood and the "Old Custom House" also being known as, "Independence Hall."
Also see . . .
1. West Virginia Independence Hall(Submitted on August 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
2. Wheeling Custom House/West Virginia Independence Hall. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form (Submitted on February 1, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 1, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,018 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on August 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.