Colfax in Grant Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
On this site occurred the Colfax Riot in which three white men and 150 negroes were slain. This event on April 13, 1873, marked the end of carpetbag misrule in the South.
Erected 1950 by Louisiana Department of Commerce and Industry.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Civil Rights. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1818.
Location. Marker has been permanently removed. It was located near 31° 30.998′ N, 92° 42.771′ W. Marker was in Colfax, Louisiana, in Grant Parish. Marker was at the intersection of Main Street (State Highway 8) and 2nd Street (State Route 8) on Main Street. Marker was at the southeast corner of Main and 2nd Streets (both La. Hwy 8), on the lawn near the west end of the Grant Parish Court House Building. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 300 Main St, Colfax LA 71417, United States of America.
We have been informed that this sign or monument is no longer there and will not be replaced. This page is an archival view of what was.
Other nearby markers. The Famous Burning Well of Colfax (a few steps from this marker); Grant Parish and Town of Colfax (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mary E. Graham High School (approx. 0.8 miles away); Battle of Calhoun's Landing (approx. 0.9 miles away); Village of Dry Prong (approx. 11.7 miles away); Verda (approx. 13.1 miles away); Montgomery, Louisiana (approx. 14.8 miles away); LTV Aerospace Vought A-7D Corsair II (approx. 17 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Colfax.
Also see . . .
1. Colfax Massacre. Wikipedia entry:
Easter Sunday, April 13, 1873 (Submitted on August 19, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. The American Experience: Ulysses S. Grant. PBS entry:
Politics, Reconstruction, and the Colfax Massacre. (Submitted on August 19, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. John McEnery (Louisiana politician). Wikipedia biography (Submitted on August 22, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
4. Reconstruction: A State Divided. "The Colfax Riot was the bloodiest single instance of racial violence in the Reconstruction era in all of the United States..." (Submitted on August 23, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
5. Colfax Riot Memorial for Whites Killed. Waymarking entry:
Stephen Decatur Parish, James West Hadnot, Sidney Harris -
1. Marker removed as factually inaccurate.
This marker was removed on May 15th, 2021 by the State of Louisiana Economic Development Agency, as the agency responsible for historical markers. Plans are to eventually place it in a museum. A concession to Grant Parish is that any new marker will not be put on parish-owned land as this one was.
It is reported that in the ensuing day of slaughter, a White mob killed somewhere between 62 and 81 Black men, most after they had surrendered. Three White men lost their lives two of whom were probably shot by their own comrades in the chaos.
President Grant's administration tried to prosecute, but the Supreme Court overturned what few convictions the government obtained. That precedent weakened civil rights enforcement for decades, during which Louisiana disenfranchised Black people and falsified the Colfax events as a Negro Riot.
— Submitted June 17, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
Additional keywords. "Colfax Massacre"; freedmen; White League; Reconstruction; insurrection; terrorism; racism.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 19, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 5,771 times since then and 204 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 19, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 2, 3. submitted on August 20, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.