San Luis Obispo in San Luis Obispo County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
Hope on the Horizon
What would make a family leave their home for an unfamiliar land on a distant frontier? For the nearly 300 men, women, and children on the Anza Expedition, it was the chance for a fresh start. In 1775, life in northern Mexico was hard and people were poor. They hoped for prosperous opportunities along the San Francisco Bay.
New Life on the Spanish Frontier
Commander Juan Bautista de Anza understood the needs of these families as well of those of the Spanish Crown. By leading hard working settlers north to the temperate grasslands of the San Francisco Bay, Anza knew these families would build the forts and communities that would sustain their new life.
For six months, Anza led the expedition members from the deserts and mountains of northern Mexico to Alta (upper) California. Their encounters with native communities and the few births during the journey provided welcome changes from their daily hard work.
Creating a New California
On June 27, 1776, the families arrived in San Francisco and set in motion tremendous changes. Within a year, they had built
Erected by National Park Service.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail series list.
Location. 35° 16.834′ N, 120° 39.815′ W. Marker is in San Luis Obispo, California, in San Luis Obispo County. Marker is at the intersection of Chorro Street and Monterey Street, on the right when traveling south on Chorro Street. Marker is located at the Chorro Street entrance to Mission Plaza. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Luis Obispo CA 93401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776 (within shouting distance of this marker); Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Ah Louis Store (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chong's Candy Store (about 400 feet away); Carnegie City Library (about 400 feet away); “Love” and “Double Joy” J. P. Andrews Building (about 800 feet away); San Luis Obispo Sesquicentennial (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Luis Obispo.
Regarding Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. Congress established Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail in 1990 as part of the National Trails System Act. The trail commemorates Anza's legacy of establishing the first Spanish overland expedition to settle California.
The National Park Service works with other land management agencies, local governments, private landowners, and volunteers to share the Anza Trail story at associated cultural and historical sites, and to establish a continuous public use trail along the historical corridor. To find out how you can help, visit the trail website at www.nps.gov/juba.
Also see . . .
1. The Juan Bautista National Historic Trail. A trail guide published by the National Park Service, with maps and additional information. (Submitted on November 29, 2010.)
2. Juan Bautista National Historic Trail – Arizona/California. The National Park Service Brochure of the National Historic Trail. (Submitted on November 29, 2010.)
3. A KTEH TV Production of the DeAnza Trail on YouTube. In this video one learns the history and purpose of the DeAnza Expedition, the heritage of descendants of expedition members, and current sites along the trail. (Submitted on November 29, 2010.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 29, 2010, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 968 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 29, 2010, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.