Rossville in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Xzanders G. McFarland House and McFarland Gap
Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
Following their defeat on the battlefield, most of the Federal soldiers had calmed by the time they got through McFarland Gap around 3:00 p.m., and were able to rest in the fields on Xzanders G. McFarland's farm. "I immediately took the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers and marched to the mouth of the gap, 2 miles from Rossville," General James Negley reported, "the first open ground where the troops could be collected and reorganized. I found Colonel Parkhurst here, with the Ninth Michigan Volunteers, energetically checking stragglers. He informed me that General Crittenden had passed some hours before, and had ordered him, with all the troops, to fall back to Chattanooga."
At approximately 4:00 p.m., Generals Negley, Davis and Sheridan, joined by Lieutant-Colonel Arthur Ducat, aide-de-camp to General Rosencrans, held a meeting at the McFarland house to discuss a plan of action for the rest of the day. Conflicting accounts make it difficult to determine the results of the ensuing "heated discussion." A contemporary account by Alfred L. Hough, a member of Negley's staff, reported that the officers "could come to no agreement for common action." Some of those present wanted to take their men back to the battlefield to reinforce the troops at Horseshoe Ridge under General George H. Thomas. None, however, were able to do so. It was determined to be advisable to proceed to Rossville, to prevent the enemy from obtaining possession of the crossroads. From there General Sheridan would move to the support of General Thomas, via LaFayette road. The column reached Rossville at dark.
Erected by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 30.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail series list.
Location. 34° 57.429′ N, 85° 18.024′ W. Marker is in Rossville, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker is on McFarland Avenue north of Battlefield Parkway (Georgia Route 2), on the left when traveling north. This historical marker is located a short distance south of the Tennessee and Georgia state line and an even shorter distance northwest of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rossville GA 30741, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. McFarland's Gap (approx. 0.7 miles away); Chief John Ross (approx. 1.9 miles away); Home of John Ross (approx. 1.9 miles away); Rossville, McFarland House & Spring (approx. 1.9 miles away); John Ross Home (approx. 1.9 miles away); Geary's Division (approx. 2 miles away); Ireland's Brigade (approx. 2 miles away); Rossville Memorial Fountain (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rossville.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 25, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 963 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 25, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.