Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
B & O Railroad
(1) Servant of Industry
The B&O helped Wheeling’s iron, steel, coal, chemical, lumber, and tobacco industries move their products to the rest of the country. The B&O’s impact on Wheeling was felt immediately since the railroad served as the foundation upon which the various industries operated and expanded.
(2) Passenger Service
The Wheeling Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Passenger Station Building was built in 1907-1908 for $300,000. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the station is located between Market and Chapline on 16th Street. The entire B&O complex included a coach yard, a tower, a 935 foot long viaduct, and a totally independent power plant. At the time it was the third largest
(3) Engineering Achievement
The mountainous, 379 mile distance from Baltimore to Wheeling was seen as insurmountable by many engineers. The Allegheny Mountains intimidated all but the heartiest of railroad engineers. Newspapers reported that the route from Cumberland to Wheeling was so bad that even a buffalo couldn't make the trek "without shaking out its teeth."
The Wheeling National Heritage Area preserves and celebrates the city’s dramatic setting, resources and history, including its role as the birthplace of the state of West Virginia during the Civil War.
A National Heritage Area is a part of our country’s landscape that has been recognized by the United States Congress for its unique contribution to the American experience.
Erected by West Virginia Northern Community College.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series list.
Location. 40° 3.827′ N, 80° 43.313′ W. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wheeling WV 26003, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Athenaeum (here, next to this marker); Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station (here, next to this marker); Old Custom House (a few steps from this marker); The First Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Independence Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); To The Defenders of the Union (within shouting distance of this marker); The Steamboat "Washington" (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gordon Battelle (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wheeling.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 17, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 837 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 17, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.