Attapulgite / Fullers Earth
There are many types of Fullers Earth clay. Attapulgite is a unique type, found in the USA only in Decatur County, GA and Gadsden County, Fl. It is also found in Spain, Russia , and China. The unique nature of Attapulgite is, when mixed with fresh or salt water, it forms a gel. With new processes of refining oil, this no longer a major use. Other uses have been developed in cosmetics, paint, medicine, dry wall taping, and oil drilling. All processing of the clay was moved to Quincy, FL in 1998. Some mining is still being done in the area.
(Text on Old Marker)
Fullers Earth, a clay used for bleaching petroleum oil, has been refined near here since 1907. The name is derived from its earlier use of fulling or cleaning the grease from wool. Georgia has led the production of Fullers Earth since 1924.
Fullers Earth is any nonplastic clay or claylike earthy material that can be used to filter animal, mineral, and vegetable oils. It is composed mainly of alumina, silica, iron oxides, lime, magnesia, and water, in extremely variable
Erected 2008 by Friends of Attapulgus High School.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Natural Resources. In addition, it is included in the Works Progress Administration (WPA) projects series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1998.
Location. 30° 44.921′ N, 84° 29.152′ W. Marker is in Attapulgus, Georgia, in Decatur County. Marker is at the intersection of Englehard Way and Clay Street, on the right when traveling east on Englehard Way. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Attapulgus GA 39815, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Attapulgus (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Attapulgus High School (about 700 feet away); Attapulgus Cemetery Inc. (approx. ¼ mile away); Attapulgus Presbyterian Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Amsterdam, Georgia / Shade Grown Tobacco (approx. 3½ miles away); Gragg Lumber Company (approx. 3½ miles away); The Village, the Pits, and the Dumps (approx. 3½ miles away); Charles James Munnerlyn / “Refuge” (approx. 8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Attapulgus.
Regarding Attapulgite / Fullers Earth. The "old marker" referenced in the title on the second side was a WPA (Works Progress Administration) marker erected
Also see . . . Fuller's Earth - Wikipedia. (Submitted on March 14, 2011, by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 14, 2011, by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia. This page has been viewed 1,206 times since then and 171 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 14, 2011, by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.