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Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Lincoln and the "Long Nine"

1836

 
 
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
1. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker
Inscription.  
The delegation from Sangamon County for the 1836-1837 Session of the legislature quickly became known as the "Long Nine."

The seven representatives and two senators were all six feet or taller. Five were lawyers, three were farmers, and one was an innkeeper. Seven were originally from the South and two from the North.

The representatives included: Abe Lincoln who at age twenty-seven was the youngest of the group; John Dawson, the oldest at age forty-five, and the father of ten children; William F. Elkin who was forty-four and the father of thirteen children; Ninian W. Edwards, the aristocratic son of the former Territorial Governor Ninian Edwards, who was twenty-nine; Andrew McCormick, age thirty-five, who weighed almost three hundred pounds; Daniel Stone who was a college-educated lawyer, a native of Vermont and a former Ohio legislator; and Robert L. Wilson, thirty-one, who was a one-term member of the legislature and the father of eight children. The senators were: Job Fletcher, the father of seven children and a resident of Sangamon County since 1819, and Archer G. Herndon, a businessman, and the father of William
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Herndon, who later became Lincoln's law partner.

In 1836 all the members of the Long Nine were Whigs or at least "Whiggish." Party lines were still not clearly marked. This was Lincoln's second term in office. In the 1834 session of the legislature, he was a freshman representative and did not play a prominent leadership role. Since that first session, and at least partially because of his experiences at that session, he now became a much more effective politician and leader. The experiences and people that Lincoln was exposed to in Vandalia prepared him for his future role as the leader, not just of a delegation from Sangamon County, but of the whole country.

No photograph of Lincoln from the Vandalia years exists. This portrait was taken by Alexander Hesler in 1857 and used during the Lincoln-Douglas senatorial campaign of 1858.

The Long Nine, who towered over the other legislators, were united in accomplishing two goals; passing a bill for internal improvements in the state and moving the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield. They were successful in achieving both of these goals. These two political objectives served to advance their own political careers - and to give the Whig Party a higher profile in the eyes of Illinois voters.
 
Erected 2008 by Looking for Lincoln Heritage Coalition
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
2. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker
Old State Capitol in background
.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & PoliticsIndustry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln, and the Looking for Lincoln series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1819.
 
Location. 38° 57.682′ N, 89° 5.668′ W. Marker is in Vandalia, Illinois, in Fayette County. Marker is on 4th Street near Gallatin Street, on the left when traveling south. Marker is on the west lawn of the Old State Capitol. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vandalia IL 62471, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ebenezer Capps' Store (within shouting distance of this marker); First Protest Against Slavery (within shouting distance of this marker); First Elective Office (within shouting distance of this marker); Third State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Second State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Madonna of the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); The Charters Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vandalia.
 
Also see . . .
1. Looking for Lincoln
Lincoln Portrait on "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Alexander Hesler, 1857
3. Lincoln Portrait on "Long Nine" Marker
Courtesy of Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
. National Heritage Area Website (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

2. Abraham Lincoln's Long Nine Museum. Visit Springfield entry (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

3. Four Terms in the Illinois Legislature. Abraham Lincoln Historical Society entry (Submitted on October 26, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 
 
Painting of Lincoln and Members of the "Long Nine" image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lloyd Ostendorf, undated
4. Painting of Lincoln and Members of the "Long Nine"
Courtesy of the Long Nine Museum
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Rubbing Medallion image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
5. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Rubbing Medallion
Looking For Lincoln Story Trail Logo image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr.
6. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail Logo
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 19, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,820 times since then and 122 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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Apr. 25, 2024