“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Allouez in Brown County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Menomineeville, Seat of Justice

In 1823, James Doty...

— Fox River Trail —

Menomineeville, Seat of Justice Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Robert L Weber, June 12, 2011
1. Menomineeville, Seat of Justice Marker
was appointed by President Monroe as a district judge for the northern and western Michigan Territory, which included what is now the state of Wisconsin. Doty set up the region's new court in an empty log building.

Three years later, prominent fur trader John Lawe platted a town in the area that included the courthouse. Lawe, who had enormous influence with the Menominee Indians, recorded the town as "Munnomonee." In later years known as Menomineeville, the town became the seat of federal justice in the Territory.

The small courthouse witnessed a number of important trials. At the first session of the new court, Judge Doty began an investigation into the legality of the marriages among the local population. Many of the local French fur traders and trappers who made up the majority of the population had married native women by presenting gifts to their brides' families; few of these marriages had the sanction of any church or government official. As a result of Doty's investigation, 38 local men were charged with adultery and ordered either to marry within 10 days or be tried under the new laws of the Territory. Most
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of the accused agreed to be married by the court, but at least eight refused to do so. Doty's strong action against the marriage customs announced the beginning of a new era of law in the Green Bay area.

The most famous trial to take place at the "Munnomonee" courthouse was the trial of Chief Oshkosh, which is depicted in a painting that decorates the Wisconsin State Supreme Court chambers in the State Capitol. Oshkosh was charged with manslaughter for fatally stabbing Okewa, a Pawnee Indian, in revenge for the murder of a fellow Menominee tribal member. Thought the jury found Oshkosh guilty, Judge Doty decided to set aside the jury's verdict and uphold Menominee law, which considered the revenge killing to be just. In an important ruling, Doty argued that federal law did not apply to Indians in what was then the Michigan Territory.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable PlacesSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #05 James Monroe series list.
Location. 44° 28.519′ N, 88° 2.31′ W. Marker is in Allouez, Wisconsin, in Brown County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Riverside Drive (State Highway 57) and Lazarre Avenue. On the Fox River Trail. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Green Bay WI 54301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers.
Menomineeville Marker and Fox River Trail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Robert L Weber, June 12, 2011
2. Menomineeville Marker and Fox River Trail
At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Catholic Bark Chapel (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Camp Smith 1820 (approx. half a mile away); First Episcopal Mission in Wisconsin (approx. 0.6 miles away); Curly Lambeau's Gravesite (approx. 0.7 miles away); Shantytown (approx. 0.7 miles away); First Redemptorist Church in America (approx. ¾ mile away); Vince Lombardi's Home (approx. 0.9 miles away); Bernard Henry Pennings (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allouez.
More about this marker. On the right is a painting of the "The Trial of Chief Oshkosh"
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Historic markers along the Fox River Trail
Also see . . .  Fox River Trail. (Submitted on June 27, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
Menomineeville, Seat of Justice Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Robert L Weber, June 12, 2011
3. Menomineeville, Seat of Justice Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bob (peach) Weber of Dewey, Arizona. This page has been viewed 904 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on June 27, 2011, by Bob (peach) Weber of Dewey, Arizona. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bob (peach) Weber of Dewey, Arizona. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 3, 2024