Stillwater in Washington County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Minnesota Territory 1849 1858 / Washington County Takes Shape
In those feverish years of American expansion, pressure built to organize the lands along the upper Mississippi River. Iowa and Wisconsin had already entered the Union and were rapidly filling with settlers. The story of frontier settlement was soon to be repeated in Minnesota, as a thin stream of farmers, lumbermen and land speculators turned into a tidal wave.
The same places being claimed and named by these settlers and Washington politicians had been the homelands, hunting grounds, and burial places of Indian people for thousands of years. And since
In 1849 that world of relatively peaceful coexistence was about to collapse, sometimes with brutal force. During the territorial years, Dakota and Ojibwe peoples signed treaties that ceded nearly all of their lands in Minnesota to the U.S government in exchange for money, promises, and reservations.
Meanwhile, settlements such as St. Paul, Stillwater, and St. Anthony mushroomed into cities. Farms and towns spread across the prairies. The booming population, which had grown from less than 5,000 settlers in 1849 to more than 100,000, clamored for statehood. It was granted in 1858, just nine short years after the creation of the territory.
In 1840 this land became part of St. Croix County in Wisconsin Territory, with Stillwater designated the county seat. When
Rich stands of pine in the St. Croix valley had drawn settlers as early as 1839, when lumbermen from the New England states began building sawmills at places like Marine Mills and Stillwater. So many other immigrants followed from the northeastern U.S. that Minnesota Territory was soon dubbed "the New England of the West."
Fertile land and abundant resources quickly attracted new waves of immigrants, particularly from Sweden, who began arriving in 1850 to farm the northern part of the county. When the first census of Minnesota Territory was taken that year, Washington County had 1,056 Euro-American and mixed-blood residents, and following St. Paul; Stillwater was the second largest town in the territory.
As Minnesota's population grew, old county boundaries were redrawn and new counties organized. Washington County eventually retained only a portion of its former area. Today, farms still dot the countryside, though many have given
[Seal of The Minnesota Historical Society]
Erected 2001 by the Minnesota Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Minnesota Historical Society series list. A significant historical month for this entry is March 2001.
Location. 45° 3.101′ N, 92° 48.458′ W. Marker is in Stillwater, Minnesota, in Washington County. Marker can be reached from Walnut Street West, west of 3rd Street South, on the right when traveling west. Marker is beyond the courthouse parking lot at the northwest corner of the Washington County Historic Courthouse. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Pine Street West, Stillwater MN 55082, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington County Public Land Donation (a few steps from this marker); Washington County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Soldiers and Sailors Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War Flank Howitzer (within shouting distance of this marker); Stillwater Veterans MemorialSite of the Stillwater High School (about 300 feet away); Smithson Paper Box Company Building (approx. ¼ mile away); Simonet's Furniture and Carpet Company Building (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stillwater.
Also see . . .
1. Minnesota Territory. History of the Minnesota Territory. (Submitted on June 29, 2011.)
2. Minnesota Territory. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on June 29, 2011.)
3. Washington County Historical Society. Washington County Communities. (Submitted on June 29, 2011.)
4. Washington County, Minnesota. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on June 29, 2011.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 29, 2011, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 849 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 29, 2011, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.