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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
East Liverpool in Columbiana County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Land Ordinance of 1785 / The Seven Ranges

 
 
Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
1. Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker
Inscription.  
Side A:
Land Ordinance of 1785
In April 1784, the Continental Congress adopted the Report of Government for the Western Territory, a broad plan drafted primarily by Thomas Jefferson for organizing the United States' new western lands that were ceded by the states and purchased from Native Americans. One of the most far-reaching legislative acts in American history, the resulting Land Ordinance of 1785, passed on May 20th, established the public land system by which all federal land was surveyed and distributed. The Ordinance established a rectilinear survey system that divided land into townships of six miles square aligned by north-south and east-west baselines, and set aside certain lands for Revolutionary War veterans and for public schools.

Side B:
The Seven Ranges
In late 1785, Thomas Hutchins, geographer of the United States, began the first federal land survey according to the terms of the recent Land Ordinance of 1785. Hutchins' party extended a base line (the Geographer's Line) from the Pennsylvania border due westward from the north bank of the Ohio River,
The Seven Ranges Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
2. The Seven Ranges Marker
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laying out the northern boundary of seven ranges of townships. Each six-mile-square township was subdivided into one-mile-square sections with a north-south row called a range. A one-mile-square section (640 acres) was the smallest unit offered for sale at public auction. As few could afford to purchase a section at $1.00 per acre, land sold slowly. The presence of illegal settlers and tensions with Native Americans slowed the surveying process and only Ohio's Seven Ranges was completed under the first survey.
 
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Marietta Chapter NSDAR, The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 18-15.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EducationNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #03 Thomas Jefferson, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1784.
 
Location. 40° 38.547′ N, 80° 31.147′ W. Marker is in East Liverpool, Ohio, in Columbiana County. Marker is on Harvey Avenue (Ohio Route 39) 0.4 miles east of Bushwick Street, on the right when traveling east. Located at a roadside pull off at the Ohio/Pennsylvania state line. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: East Liverpool OH 43920, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8
Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
3. Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker
other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gateway To The Northwest (here, next to this marker); Down The Ohio (a few steps from this marker in Pennsylvania); The Point of Beginning (a few steps from this marker in Pennsylvania); Beginning Point of the U. S. Public Land Survey (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sandy and Beaver Canal (approx. 0.4 miles away in Pennsylvania); First Paper Mill / Little Beaver Creek Bridge (approx. 0.9 miles away); Smiths Ferry (approx. 0.9 miles away in Pennsylvania); The Penna - Virginia Boundary (approx. 0.9 miles away in Pennsylvania). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Liverpool.
 
Additional keywords. Community planning
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,276 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   2. submitted on July 5, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   3. submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Oct. 25, 2021