Chicago in Cook County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Chicago Cultural Walk
Dearborn Street showcases some of Chicago’s best architecture, art, and urban design dating from the late 19th century. Great names in architecture include Chicago School architects William LeBaron Jenney, Burnham & Root, and Holabird & Roche, as well as highly regarded modern architects, Mies van der Rohe, Skidmore Owings and Merrill C.F. Murphy, and Perkins and Will. Sculptures by world famous artists line the street, including those by Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Henry Moore, Marc Chagall, and Alexander Calder. These works of art are set in urban plazas which punctuate long blocks of skyscrapers and become outdoor rooms for performances, sidewalk fairs, farmer’s markets, civic celebrations, and political events.
An impressive collection of 1890s skyscrapers with structural and design innovations known as the Chicago School of Architecture is located at the south end of Dearborn Street on either side of the century-old elevated train structure. They are part of Printer’s Row, once the center of the city’s vibrant printing industry. Chicago’s dominance in the world of architecture throughout the 1960s is also represented
Governor John Peter Altgeld, who pardoned the labor agitators of the Haymarket riot in 1896 and ruined his political career as a result, had offices on Dearborn Street. The site has recently been the home of Gallery 37, Chicago’s summer art training program for youth, and the wintertime Skate on State. Across the street, the Richard J. Daley Center Plaza has hosted such diverse activities as United States presidential candidate rallies and celebrations for Chicago sports teams. Noon-time concerts entertain office workers next to Chicago’s Picasso and beside Chagall’s Four Seasons mosaic at the Bank One Plaza.
Dearborn Street has recreated itself many times and it has may stories to tell. Its banking, business, and government affairs continue to flourish amid some of the world’s greatest art and architecture, enlivened by a year-round calendar of cultural and civic events.
Old Colony Building
407 S. Dearborn Street
Built 1894, Holabird & Roche, architects
National Register of Historic Places and Chicago Landmark
The Old Colony Building was constructed to provide offices
417 S. Dearborn Street
Built 1899, Simeon B. Eisendrath, architect
This 1899 building was remodeled with Gothic detailing in 1945 to give a collegiate appearance to a correspondence school then occupying the building. Some of the Sullivanesque ironwork remains, however, on the Plymouth Court facade of the building. The architect once worked for the architectural firm of Alder and Sullivan and as a result the lobby newel post and balusters are similar to those found in the interior stairway of Sullivan’s Carson Pirie Scott Store.
431 S. Dearborn Street
Built 1891, William LeBaron Jenney, architect
National Register of Historic Places and Chicago
Designed by the father of the modern skyscraper, William LeBaron Jenney, the Manhattan Building was among the first to use skeleton construction throughout. Projecting bays give a dynamic rhythm to the facade while admitting as much light as possible to the interior spaces. While the base rusticated granite, the upper floors are brick with richly detailed terra cotta ornament. To stabilize such a tall building, a double-diagonal wind bracing system was adapted from that used in railway truss bridges. Once a printing loft building, the Manhattan has been converted to apartments with retail at the ground floor level.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, Music • Industry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1896.
Location. 41° 52.568′ N, 87° 37.748′ W. Marker is in Chicago, Illinois, in Cook County. Marker is on South Dearborn Street north of West Congress Parkway, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 431 South Dearborn Street, Chicago IL 60605, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harold Washington (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Morton Building / Hotel Blake (about 400 feet away); State Street (about 700 feet away); The DePaul Center (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Jewish House of WorshipThe Chicago Board of Trade's Statues (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Donohue Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Standard Time System in the United States (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chicago.
Also see . . .
1. Chicago Landmarks – Old Colony Building. (Submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
2. Old Colony Building. Wikipedia entry (Submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
3. Chicago Landmarks – Manhattan Building. (Submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
4. Manhattan Building. Wikipedia entry (Submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 704 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 5, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.