Osborne in Osborne County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Osborne / Solomon Valley Highway 24 Heritage Alliance
[Historical excerpts from marker]
Osborne, Established 1871 (Side A)
Architectural Gems Galore
Osborne has two buildings listed on both the National Register of Historic Places. The Classic-styled Carnegie Research Library at 307 West Main served as the Osborne Public Library from 1913 to 1995 and is now the archives of the local genealogical & historical society. The Richardsonian Romanesque-styled Osborne County Courthouse was erected 1907-1908. It's [sic] walls are comprised of both Cottonwood Limestone from Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, and Post Rock Limestone quarried from near Glen Elder, Kansas.
The Classic-styled red brick-and-limestone former Presbyterian Church at First & Washington was dedicated in 1911. The Renaissance Revival-Influenced brick masonry Bible Baptist Church at 131 South Second Street was built in 1903. The Gothic-style 1906 United Methodist Church at 105 North Third Street is noted for its handcarved main doors and carillon.
The First National Bank/Walrond, Mitchell & Heren Law Office Buildings at 202 West
Carvings & Monuments
Artistic merit can be seen in the 1929 white marble column Old Settlers Monument and the 2000 granite-and-Black African marble obelisk Osborne County Veteran's Memorial, both located on Courthouse Square at 423 West Main Street. On the Osborne County Courthouse itself are unusual carvings of stylized sunflowers and a lion and Medusa, both symbols of justice.
From Scenic Views to Amazing Worms
Spectacular views of the South Fork Solomon River valley can be seen from either of Osborne's North and South Hills. The Blue Hills of Osborne County are a haven for Cretaceous Period sea fossils. In 1978 the Kansas Geologic Survey named both Medicine Peak and the Scaphites Gully Site in the county Notable Fossil Locations after several rare types of Scaphites, or armored sea worms, and other remarkable fossils were discovered here. Located southeast of Osborne, both areas are on private land and permission must be obtained to visit them.
The Pennsylvania Colony Arrives
Osborne is the only city in the
In July 1871 the colony officially disbanded and the Osborne City Town Company then formed to govern the community. After four general elections Osborne City finally was declared the permanent county seat in November 1872. In 1878 Osborne City was declared a second-class city, with a mayor and city council form of government that continues in place. By the mid-1890s the "City" in the name was no longer used.
The Osborne County Museum Complex at Second Street & Highway 24 preserves memorabilia that reflects the area's heritage.
Summer Means Fun
Events in the Osborne area are scheduled around the annual Wheat Harvest (June-July) and the Corn and Milo Harvests (September-November). Every Wednesday is Sale Day at the Osborne Livestock Commission
From Hunters to Sports Figures
Nationally famous buffalo hunter Jeff Durfey staked out a homestead claim seven miles southwest of Osborne on July 27, 1870. His log cabin still stands and is the oldest building in the county. Blacksmith Frank Hatch built a steam-powered wagon, the first self-propelled vehicle in Kansas, and drove it through Osborne's streets during the summer of 1887.
General Lewis Hanback was a two-term U.S. Representative while he lived in Osborne in 1883-1891. Osborne newspaper editor Charles E. Mann served as both a Kansas State Senator and State Representative and was elected Kansas Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1923.
Clergyman, newspaper reporter/editor, attorney, author, and politician Calvin Reasoner founded the town of Arlington in 1871, was later mayor of Osborne, and served as state representative. His daughter Elsie became America's first female war correspondent covering the Spanish-American War in 1898. Elsie then worked for the Associated Press and
Noted surgeon and Osborne high graduate Marvin "Mal" Stevens was named a 1923 Walter Camp All-American at Yale University. Known as "The Kansas Comet," he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1974. David Johnson coached at Osborne from 1963 until 1991, during which time his football teams won 213 games and two state championships.
[Photo captions read]
1. The Eclipse windmill stood above the town well at what is now the intersection of Second & Main Streets from 1872 until 1878. It served as a symbol of Osborne's community spirit and economic progress during its early years and is the inspiration for the city's current logo.
2. During construction of the current county courthouse in 1907-08 Early-day settler John Wineland would stop by daily and make "constructive" comments. He was told that if he did not stop the stonemasons would carve his face in the stone. He didn't, and they did.
3. The native stone WPA Scout Cabin on West Main Street was built in 1938. It serves not only as the home of Osborne's Boy and Girl Scouts but also is available for community gatherings and events.
Solomon Valley Highway 24 Heritage Alliance
The Alliance consists of 24 communities united by a common period of settlement
Erected by Members of the Solomon Valley Highway 24 Heritage Alliance, Inc.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Architecture • Charity & Public Work • Parks & Recreational Areas • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Works Progress Administration (WPA) projects series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1871.
Location. 39° 27.131′ N, 98° 41.604′ W. Marker is in Osborne, Kansas, in Osborne County. Marker is on 80th Drive, on the right when traveling east. Marker kiosk is at a roadside rest area/park, about 300 feet east of North 1st Street (U.S. Hwy 24/281). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Osborne KS 67473, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Geodetic Center of North America (a few steps from this marker); Hardman Veterans Memorial Park (approx. 0.3 miles away); Osborne County Pioneers Memorial Osborne County Veterans Memorial (approx. 1.1 miles away); Osborne County Courthouse (approx. 1.1 miles away); Last Indian Fight in Osborne County (approx. 3.3 miles away); Melvin "Tubby" Millar Memorial (approx. 7.6 miles away); Civil War Unknown Dead (approx. 8½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Osborne.
Also see . . .
1. Solomon Valley Highway 24 Heritage Alliance. Website homepage (Submitted on April 11, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. A Short History of Osborne, Kansas. City website entry (Submitted on April 11, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2022. It was originally submitted on April 10, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 571 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on April 11, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.