Near Farmville in Prince Edward County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A new college for a new republic.
Answering the call for volunteers from Prince Edward County to assist the Revolutionary army, the new College’s students signed up as a body to fill the County’s quota. As the first governor of Virginia, Henry personally thanked them for this action.
The College’s petition for a charter, submitted in 1775, had been deferred during the Revolution. After the war, Patrick Henry was instrumental in achieving passage of a Charter in 1783; he is probably responsible for writing the oath of allegiance it contains.
Living in Prince Edward County after 1784, Henry introduced a bill in the Virginia legislature, seeking state support for Hampden-Sydney College; it
Samuel Stanhope Smith (and Trustee James Madison) fervently supported ratification of the U.S. Constitution; Henry, by contrast, was an Antifederalist. When Smith was unable to attend a meeting at which Henry spoke against the Constitution, he had a student publicly re-enact Henry’s speech and then replied to it in person. Henry, while admitting that he had been quoted correctly, was still seriously affronted. His support for the College, however, never wavered.
Patrick Henry (May 29, 1736 – June 6, 1799) was the leading Virginia statesman in defending the rights of Colonial Americans.
Following Henry’s death, John Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson singing his praises: “In the Congress of 1774 there was not one member, except Patrick Henry, who appeared to me sensible of the Precipice or rather the Pinnacle on which he stood, and had the candour and courage enough to acknowledge it.”
Henry was the first elected governor of Virginia, a devoted father of 17 children, and the most famous orator of his day. Born in Hanover County, Henry made a name for himself as a young lawyer in the Parsons’ Cause at Hanover Courthouse in 1763. His 1765 resolutions against the Stamp Act articulated the basic principles of the American Revolution. Henry is perhaps best known for his immortal words
Known as the “Voice of the Revolution,” Henry’s political career included 26 years of service in the Virginia legislature and five terms as governor. He helped draft the Virginia Constitution of 1776 and its Declaration of Rights. A leading critic of the U.S. Constitution, Henry also strongly influenced the creation of the Bill of Rights. Following his death, Henry was buried at Red Hill Plantation, now the site of the Patrick Henry National Memorial.
Erected by The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 9.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Education • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #02 John Adams, the Former U.S. Presidents: #03 Thomas Jefferson, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #04 James Madison series lists. A significant historical date for this entry is June 6, 1895.
Location. 37° Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampden Sydney VA 23943, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hampden-Sydney College (a few steps from this marker); About Hampden-Sydney College (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Hampden-Sydney College (approx. ¼ mile away); The Birthplace (approx. ¼ mile away); Presbyterian Seminary (approx. 0.3 miles away); Kingsville (approx. 0.9 miles away); French's Church (approx. 0.9 miles away); Randolph-Macon Medical School (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Farmville.
More about this marker. On the left are portraits of "Algernon Sidney (left) and John Hampden, the English revolutionaries for whom Smith named the College."
On the lower left are "[left] Samuel Stanhope Smith, the founding president" and "[right] Samuel Stanhope Smith’s advertisement in the Virginia Gazette, announcing the founding of the College, September 1775."
On the right are "Reproduction of the Charter of 1783, which Patrick Henry was instrumental in procuring for the College and for which he probably wrote the oath of loyalty to the new republic. Reproduction by John L. Brinkley ’59." and "Fund-raising lottery ticket — the first government-sanctioned lottery to benefit higher education in America. As a trustee, Patrick Henry would have authorized this."
On the right is a sketch with the caption, "The Old College, as Patrick Henry would have known it. Construction was begun in 1775 and completed in 1776. The main college building is at center, with the President’s House to the right and the Steward’s House (dining hall) to the left, accompanied by various outbuildings. Drawing by N. Douglas Payne ‘95, based on a model by Richard McClintock in the Atkinson Museum of Hampden-Sydney."
Also see . . .
1. The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Submitted on April 15, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
2. Hampden-Sydney College. (Submitted on April 15, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on April 15, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 525 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 15, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.