Greencastle in Putnam County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Percy Lavon Julian (1899-1975)
Synthesis of Physostigmine
He did well in school but there was no public high school for African Americans in Montgomery. Julian completed the highest grade possible there, but was inadequately prepared for college. In the fall of 1916, at the age of 17, he was accepted as a sub-freshman at DePauw University. In addition to his regular college courses, he took classes at Greencastle High School. In spite of this, upon graduation Julian was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and graduated with a B. A. Degree in 1920 as valedictorian of his DePauw class. Julian’s chosen path of chemistry would prove to be very difficult. Because of his race, Julian found it impossible to continue graduate work in chemistry. He obtained a position as an instructor in chemistry at Fisk University, in Nashville, Tenn.
After two years
Even as a recognized and published researcher, Percy Julian was denied a faculty position at DePauw. Unable to gain an academic post, Julian turned to industry. In 1936, a door opened when Julian was offered a position as director of
In 1953, he established the Julian Laboratories, a successful enterprise. He later formed the Julian Research Institute, a nonprofit research organization. Among his many lifetime honors was election, in 1973, to the National Academy of Sciences. Other honors included recognition by the United States Postal Service with the issuance in January 1993 of the Julian stamp. A total of 18 universities awarded him honorary degrees. He was active in the affairs of many civic, social and religious organizations. In 1980, DePauw named its science and mathematics center in his honor.
Percy L. Julian and Miss Anna Johnson of Baltimore, Md., were married on December 24, 1935, in Spencer, Ind. They had two children, Percy Jr. and Faith Julian.
Dr. Percy Julian died on April 19, 1975. The family home is located in Oak Park, Illinois.
Erected by Heritage Preservation Society.
Topics and series. African Americans • Education • Science & Medicine. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1993.
Location. 39° 38.635′ N, 86° 51.814′ W. Marker is in Greencastle, Indiana, in Putnam County. Marker is at the intersection of South Vine Street and East Washington Street (U.S. 231), on the right when traveling south on South Vine Street. Located on the "Heritage Wall". Top row - - fourth from the left. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Greencastle IN 46135, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eli Lilly & The Civil War (1861–1865 ) (here, next to this marker); Cannon's Men's Wear 1891 -- 1985 (here, next to this marker); Abraham Lincoln's Biography (here, next to this marker); Julian Family Home (here, next to this marker); Eitel's Flowers (here, next to this marker); Donald J. Cook (1915 - 2005) (here, next to this marker); Women in Greencastle History (here, The Founding of the Lilly Family in Greencastle, Indiana (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Greencastle.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . . Physostigmine - Wikipedia. (Submitted on June 23, 2012, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 30, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 12, 2012, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. This page has been viewed 836 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 12, 2012, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. 6. submitted on January 30, 2021. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.