Berliner Innenstadt in Mitte, Berlin, Germany — Northeast German Plain (The European Plain)
Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer
[Berlin Wall Monument]
German Text: …
The Berlin Wall became an international symbol of the division of Germany after the Second World War and also of the Cold War between East and West.
The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built this more than 150-km-long barrier to hermetically seal off East Berlin and the rest of the GDR. More than 2.7 million people had fled the GDR between October 1949 and August 1961, the majority of them across border separating Berlin’s Eastern and Western sectors. The Wall was designed to halt this stream of refugees and make it impossible to cross the border unchecked.
The installation consisted of several sections: a “front wall” and a “hinterland wall,” an inner track with a patrol path, watchtowers, and barrier fortifications. By 1989, at least 136 people had lost their lives at the Wall, 98 of them while trying to flee. Most of them were shot down by GDR border guards.
Reforms in the Soviet Union and the rapidly growing protest movement in the GDR population, but also the flight
At the request of the Topography of Terror, the remaining 200 meters of the Wall at Niederkirchnerstrase, which marked the border between the districts of Mitte (East Berlin) and Kreuzberg (West Berlin) have been preserved with all the traces of destruction that occurred during the transitional period. This fragment of the Wall, designated a historical monument in 1990, now forms part of the Topography of Terror Documentation Center. As one of the few surviving sections of the Wall in the city, it is also one of the central sites in the “Overall Concept for the Berlin Wall” developed by the Berlin Senate.
Erected by Topography of Terror Documentation Center.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & Politics • Notable Places • War, Cold. In addition, it is included in the Berlin Wall series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1961.
Location. 52° 30.422′ N, 13° 22.958′ E. Marker is in Berliner InnenstadtTouch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Niederkirchnerstraße 8, Berliner Innenstadt BE 10117, Germany. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Remains of the Berlin Wall (a few steps from this marker); Topography of Terror (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Checkpoint Charlie Site (approx. half a kilometer away); The Legend of Hitler’s Bunker (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Pariser Platz (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Soviet War Memorial (approx. 1.3 kilometers away); Max Planck (approx. 1.4 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berliner Innenstadt.
Also see . . . Topography of Terror. (Submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Topographie des Terrors
Credits. This page was last revised on January 31, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 888 times since then and 28 times this year. Last updated on July 24, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4. submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.