Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Duffields Depot Raid
Mosby Strikes the B&O
— 1864 Valley Campaign —
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early at Winchester in September and Cedar Creek in October, burned mills and bars, and crushed the remnants of Early's force at Waynesboro on March 2, 1865. Sheridan's victories contributed to President Abraham Lincoln's reelection in November 1864 and denied Gen. Robert E. Lee's army much-needed provisions from the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy."
This was the site of a daring raid by Lt. Co. John S. Mosby’s Partisan Rangers (43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry) on June 29, 1864, to support Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Washington Raid. As Early marched north down the Shenandoah Valley, Mosby and his men rode here from Upperville, Virginia. They planned to disrupt Federal communications by cutting telegraph wires and seizing a train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line. Mosby learned from captured Union pickets that an eastbound train was due at noon, in about fifteen minutes. Mosby quickly
While Mosby waited for the eastbound train, which had been delayed, his men ransacked the depot, seized supplies, and cut telegraph wires. When the train did not appear, Mosby burned most of the building except for the depot and escaped south with about 65 prisoners before the Federal reinforcements could arrive.
Union forces soon reoccupied the depot. The vital rail line remained a frequent target of Confederate raids. The Union regiments posted here to guard the railroad camped in the fields behind you, the station-master occupied the stone portion of the depot and commissary supplied were stored in the wooden part.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 39° 21.78′ N, 77° 49.548′ W. Marker is in Shenandoah Junction, Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 76 Melvin Road, Shenandoah Junction WV 25442, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. General William Darke (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named General William Darke (about 500 feet away); York Hill (approx. 1½ miles away); Peter Burr House (approx. 1.9 miles away); Peter Burr / William Burr Houses (approx. 1.9 miles away); Hockensmith Apple Storage Building (approx. 2.1 miles away); Gap View Farm (approx. 2.1 miles away); The Greenback Raid (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shenandoah Junction.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 17, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 768 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 17, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 3. submitted on August 26, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 4. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 5, 6. submitted on August 26, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.