Petersburg in Grant County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Portecting Looney's Creek (Petersburg)
An earthen fortification, Fort Mullgan’s walls were lined with timber for additional strength. Abatis---trees felled so that their branches faced outward (a precursor of barbed wire)---outside the walls helped defend the fort against attacking infantrymen. The fort had at least three entrances and seven artillery emplacements. Four bombproofs (earthen shelters) within the fort protected arms, artillery shells, and gunpowder from bombardments.
Union Col. Joseph Thoburn ordered the evacuation of Fort Mulligan on January 31, 1864, when Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army threatened an attack. Early’s men demolished the empty works. Although engagements occurred in the area for the rest of the war, the fort site was never again occupied.
(Sidebar): The oldest part of the Hermitage Inn, in front of you, was constructed in the 1840s for Dr. Jacob Kenny Chambers. During the Civil War, Federal officers occupied the house, which is located close to Fort Mulligan. Since 1881, the building has been in continuous use as a hostelry. The earliest guests arrived by stagecoach from Keyser and Cumberland, Maryland. Later, the inn's carriage met the daily train from Cumberland.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 38° 59.581′ N, 79° 7.241′ W. Marker is in Petersburg, West Virginia, in Grant County. Marker is at the intersection of Virginia Avenue (U.S. 220) and Pine Street, on the right when traveling east on Virginia Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg WV 26847, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Petersburg (within shouting distance of this marker); Maple Hill Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); War in Grant County (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fairfax Line (approx. one mile away); A Strategic Location (approx. 1.1 miles away); Civil War Cannons (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Irish Brigade & the McNeill Rangers / The Civil War Comes to Hardy County (approx. 1.1 miles away); Welcome to Fort Mulligan Civil War Site (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Petersburg.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 23, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 560 times since then and 19 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on August 23, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.