Great Falls in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
5,000 Confederate Cavalrymen Crossed
— Gettysburg Campaign —
On the evening of June 27, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart passed by here en route to Rowser's Ford (named for the Rowzee family), a little-known and treacherous river crossing at the bottom of this hill. About 5,000 men followed Stuart. They included his best three cavalry brigades under Gen. Wade Hampton, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, and Gen. John Chambliss (replacing the wounded Gen. W.H.F. "Rooney" Lee), and six pieces of horse artillery under Capt. James
Having been diverted from his initial route by the Union II Corps at Haymarket, Stuart took a new circuitous path north to Fairfax Court House early on June 27. There, he skirmished with the 11th New York Cavalry (Scott's Nine Hundred) and then halted his column for a few hours to rest and refresh his men and horses. Finding an ample bounty of supplies in the village, Stuart realized that it had been the Army of the Potomac's headquarters under the command of Gen. Joseph Hooker, who had departed the previous day.
From the courthouse, Stuart and most of his command took Hunter Mill Road to Dranesville and then crossed the Potomac River here en route to Pennsylvania, while Hooker and his army crossed miles upriver at Edward's Ferry. Ironically, both movements ended in disaster for each commander. Hooker resigned his command the following day and Stuart missed the opening two days of the war's defining battle, Gettysburg.
Erected 2012 by Virginia Civl War Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 39° 3.1′ N, 77° 20.04′ W. Marker is in Great Falls, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Seneca Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Great Falls VA 22066, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least Crossing the Potomac at Rowser's Ford (here, next to this marker); Washington's Canal (approx. half a mile away); Watering the Canal (approx. 1.1 miles away in Maryland); Seneca (approx. 1.2 miles away in Maryland); The Seneca Aqueduct (approx. 1.2 miles away in Maryland); a different marker also named Rowser’s Ford (approx. 1.2 miles away in Maryland); a different marker also named Rowser’s Ford (approx. 1.7 miles away in Maryland); Life During Encampment in Montgomery County (approx. 1.9 miles away in Maryland). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Great Falls.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 22, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 518 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 22, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.