“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Freedom Hill Redoubt

Late-War Protection

Freedom Hill Redoubt Marker image. Click for full size.
July 7, 2012
1. Freedom Hill Redoubt Marker
Inscription.  Small batteries called redoubts were constructed during the Civil War as part of the outer defensive lines that encircled Washington, D.C. Late in the war, the one in front of you was built here on Freedom Hill (according to tradition, named for one of Fairfax County’s earliest free black communities, settled near here in the 1840s).

On New Year’s Day 1865, two 13th New York Cavalry troopers encountered a concealed force of thirty Confederates near Freedom Hill. One of the Federals escaped and spread the word, but patrols failed to capture any of the Confederates. Later that month, Federal authorities ordered the construction of the redoubt. Military dispatches and other official communications from the Freedom Hill redoubt confirm the fact that the fort saw no significant action during its brief lifetime.

A company of the 5th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Regiment was stationed here as part of a larger contingent assigned to protect the signal tower at the nearby Peach Grove Stockade. Freedom Hill’s fortifications also offered protection to couriers and patrols on Chain Bridge Road as they sought to elude Confederate Col. John S.
Freedom Hill Redoubt Marker image. Click for full size.
July 7, 2012
2. Freedom Hill Redoubt Marker
Mosby’s Rangers.

The Freedom Hill redoubt was built to standard army design. A gun platform was located in the center, the earthen walls were lined with timber, and ditches ringed the exterior. The soldiers were not shielded from the weather, nor did the earthworks protect against anything but small arms fire.
Erected 2012 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 38° 55.038′ N, 77° 14.479′ W. Marker is in Vienna, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Old Courthouse Road (Virginia Route 677), on the right when traveling south. Marker is located at Freedom Hill Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 Old Courthouse Road NE, Vienna VA 22182, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Court House of Fairfax County (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Great Falls Line (approx. 1.2 miles away); Civil War Action at Vienna (approx. 1.4 miles away); Electric Trains on the W&OD (approx. 1½ miles away); On June 17, 1861 (approx. 1½ miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 1.6 miles away); Freeman Store and Museum (approx. 1.6 miles away); Vienna Centennial Park (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vienna.
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is a photo captioned Heavy artillery battery drilling Courtesy Library of Congress. The middle of the marker displays a Map of northern Virginia, 1862 Courtesy Library of Congress. On the right side of the marker is a photo captioned Interior of a redoubt with cannon, resembling Freedom Hill redoubt Courtesy Library of Congress.
Also see . . .
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
July 7, 2012
3. Close-up of Map on Marker

1. Freedom Hill Fort, Present Day Tysons Corner Area. By Michael Rierson (Submitted on September 27, 2012.) 

2. Freedom Hill’s Fort. From To the Sound of the Guns, Craig Swain (Submitted on September 27, 2012.) 

3. Freedom Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia. (Submitted on November 18, 2012.)
Freedom Hill Redoubt image. Click for full size.
May 31, 2008
4. Freedom Hill Redoubt
View to the northeast.
Freedom Hill Redoubt image. Click for full size.
February 3, 2012
5. Freedom Hill Redoubt
View to the southwest.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 27, 2012. This page has been viewed 977 times since then and 96 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 27, 2012. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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Oct. 26, 2020