Baytown in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Humble Oil & Refining Company
In 1917 the company obtained a state charter under the name Humble Oil & Refining Company. In order to finance the building of a refinery, fifty percent of the company stock was sold to Standard Oil of New Jersey. The first oil was pumped into a still at the new refinery on May 11, 1920.
As the company expanded and employed more people, a town grew up around the refinery. The company provided low-interest home loans to its employees. By the 1930s research was being conducted at the Baytown refinery, resulting in the production of vital products for the U. S. war effort during World War II.
The post-war years saw additional expansion at the refinery, and the company was merged with Standard Oil of New Jersey in 1959. The Humble name was used until 1972, when Standard
Erected 1989 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10703.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1914.
Location. 29° 45.285′ N, 94° 59.768′ W. Marker is in Baytown, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is on San Jacinto Avenue south of Decker Drive (State Highway 330 Spur), on the right when traveling north. The marker is near the front gate to the Exxon refinery. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baytown TX 77520, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Goose Creek Stream (approx. 1˝ miles away); Robert E. Lee High School (approx. 1.7 miles away); Lee College (approx. 1.9 miles away); Homesite of William Scott (approx. 2.1 miles away); Baytown Post Office (approx. 2.1 miles away); K'Nesseth Israel Synagogue (approx. 2.2 miles away); George Washington Carver High School (approx. 2.2 miles away); Wooster School (approx. 2.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baytown.
More about this marker. Please note that although this marker is located outside the perimeter fence of the Baytown Refinery, and a roadside pullout has been built for the marker, it is still technically located on ExxonMobil property. Photography is not allowed on ExxonMobil property and security may approach you and ask you to delete your photos if they notice you.
Regarding Humble Oil & Refining Company. ExxonMobil's (originally Humble Oil) Baytown Refinery in Baytown, Texas is the largest oil refinery in the United States, with an input capacity of over 1/2 million barrels per day. The now large
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Moonshine Hill in nearby Humble, TX is the reason for the name "Humble Oil".
Also see . . .
1. Humble Oil & Refining Company in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. Goose Creek Oil Field in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 19, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 756 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. 3. submitted on April 25, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. 4. submitted on April 13, 2013. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.