Washington in Beaufort County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Siege Of Washington
Erected 1959 by Archives and Highway Departments. (Marker Number B-39.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the North Carolina Division of Archives and History series list. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1863.
Location. 35° 32.655′ N, 77° 3.598′ W. Marker is in Washington, North Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker is on West Main Street near Van Norden Street, on the right when traveling east. Located 1 block east of Highway US 17 Business. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington NC 27889, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Havens Memorial Building (a few steps from this marker); Attack On Washington (within shouting distance of this marker); C. C. Cambreleng (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); John H. Small (about 400 feet away); African Americans Defend Washington (about 500 feet Siege of Washington (about 500 feet away); Hull Anderson (about 600 feet away); USS Picket (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Washington.
Regarding Siege Of Washington. In 1862 a Boston Journal correspondent describe the Washington as an agreeable town of about 2,500 residents “some two thirds of whom have seen fit to leave for the interior.” When forces under Brigadier General Ambrose Burnside, arrived on March 21, the remaining citizens “met the troops with every expression of welcome.” So prevalent were the Union sentiments that Burnside stationed troops from the 24th Massachusetts Regiment and several gunboats at the town, effectively occupying Washington.
In March 1863, Confederate General Daniel Harvey Hill launched an attack on the federal garrison at Washington in an attempt to reclaim the city. Confederates seized one battery and fortified others with the intention of launching an artillery bombardment. In the Pamlico River, piles that were cut off below the water line and other sunken impediments made for perilous river travel. Union General J. G. Foster and his men had made
Washington remained under federal control until April 26, 1864 (the present marker states incorrectly that the Confederates held Washington from March until November) when, as a result of the Confederate victory at Plymouth, Brigadier General Edward Harland was ordered to withdraw from the town. For four days the evacuating troops pillaged Washington, destroying what they could not carry. As the final detachments were preparing to leave Washington on April 30, a fire started in the riverfront warehouse district, spreading quickly, until about one half of the city was in ashes.
General Robert F. Hoke entered Washington finding “a ruined city…a sad scene—mostly…chimneys and Heaps of ashes to mark the place where Fine Houses once stood, and the Beautiful trees, which shaded the side walks, Burnt, some all most to a coal.” Hoke left the 6th North Carolina to defend Washington and to assist its citizens. A reversal of fortune would come in November
Credits. This page was last revised on April 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 24, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 631 times since then and 65 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 25, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.