“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lebanon in Wilson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)


Morgan's Defeat

Lebanon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 22, 2013
1. Lebanon Marker
Inscription.  In April 1862, after the Battle of Shiloh, Confederate Col. John Hunt Morgan planned a raid through Tennessee and Kentucky to sever Union supply lines. Morgan let the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry from Corinth, Mississippi, into Tennessee and engaged with several Federal detachments, attracting the attention of Union Gen. Ebenezer Dumont, who quickly assembled a mounted force to intercept them.

After missing their quarry near Shelbyville, Dumontís advance under Col. Frank L. Wolford finally caught up with Morganís rear guard on May 4, but broke off the action after inconclusive skirmishing. Satisfied that the Federals had retreated, Morgan continued to Lebanon, where his men bivouacked around the town square and in the buildings of Cumberland University. A heavy rain fell all night, so the Confederate pickets went inside to dry off near the fire.

The Federals were only four miles away, however, and at dawn the hard-charging troopers of the 1st Kentucky (U.S.) and 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry burst into town an surprised Morganís command.

A lone Confederate sentry, Pvt. Pleasant Whitlow, rode just ahead of the attackers and
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
gave only a brief warning before he was shot down. Unable to reach the livery stables and mount, many defenders took cover, and fierce house to house fighting began. The Federals finally drove the overwhelmed Confederates out of town. In the running fight, Morgan and a handful of his men escaped to Carthage on the Rome Turnpike. Amid the confusion, Morgan lost his favorite horse, Black Bess. While Federal casualties were low, about 50 of Morganís men were killed, 150 captured, and the remainder scattered throughout the countryside.

(Inscription under the photos in the lower left side)
Col. John Hunt Morgan-Courtesy of Library of Congress. Col. Frank L. Wolford-Courtesy of Library of Congress.

(Inscription under the photo in the upper right side)
Morganís men on the move. Harperís New Monthly Magazine, Aug, 1863.
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 36° 12.504′ N, 86° 17.471′ W. Marker is in Lebanon, Tennessee, in Wilson County. Marker is at the intersection of Cumberland Street and Main Street, on the right when traveling south
Lebanon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 22, 2013
2. Lebanon Marker
on Cumberland Street. North of the Confederate Memorial. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lebanon TN 37087, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. History of the Logs Used in this Cabin (a few steps from this marker); Neddy Jacobs Cabin (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Lebanon (a few steps from this marker); Confederate Veterans and Robert H. Hatton Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); 103 Public Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Upon This Site Stood the Law Office of Sam Houston (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Wilson County Courthouses (about 300 feet away); Lebanon Post Office (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lebanon.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 4, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 644 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 4, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Al Wolf was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from purchases you make after using links to Thank you.
Paid Advertisements
Feb. 20, 2024