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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pleasant Hill in Cumberland County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Affair at Cumberland Mountain

A Brief Fight

 
 
Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
1. Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker
Inscription.  Less than half a mile west of here, on the Lewis Whitaker farm, the only engagement of the war in Cumberland County between regular Union and Confederate troops took place on December 9, 1863. Several companies of Col. Thomas J. Jordan’s 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry bivouacked there after Confederate forces dislodged them from Sparta. Ascending the Cumberland Plateau on the road to Crossville earlier that day, Jordan intended to cross the mountains and join forces with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside near Knoxville.

In the evening, Capt. Champ Ferguson’s guerrillas and a detachment of Col. John M. Hughes’s 25th Tennessee Infantry (totaling 450 men) attacked the Federals. Hughes was in the area under orders from Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg to round up stragglers, recruit new soldiers, and harass Union forces on both sides of the Tennessee-Kentucky border.

The Federals suffered eight casualties in the engagement. Union Capt. Thomas McCahan wrote in his diary that Confederate “Maj. Reagan” was killed and a handful of Confederates were captured. The 9th Pennsylvania’s sutler also died in the firefight, and the Confederates
Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
2. Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker
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looted the Union supply wagons before withdrawing. The Federals did not pursue them but marched to Post Oak Springs in Roane County.

Fifty years later, this site of combat became a place of healing. Dr. May Wharton, the “Doctor Woman of the Cumberlands,” moved here and began ministering to the health needs of Cumberland Plateau residents.

(captions)
Corp. William Thomas, 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry Courtesy Leroy Matter
Capt. Champ Ferguson, Harper’s Weekly
Pvt. Mitchell Copeland, 25th Tennessee Infantry Courtesy Tennessee Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans
 
Erected 2009 by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans, and the Tennessee Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is December 1900.
 
Location. 35° 58.582′ N, 85° 11.658′ W. Marker is in Pleasant Hill, Tennessee, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of East Main Street and Mayland Road, on the right when traveling east on East Main Street. The marker is located on the grounds of the Pioneer Museum. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pleasant Hill TN 38578, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of
Corp. William Thomas, 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lee Hattabaugh, July 25, 2012
3. Corp. William Thomas, 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry
Courtesy Leroy Matter
this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pleasant Hill (a few steps from this marker); The Journey of the Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Crossville (approx. 5.8 miles away); Earl Webb (approx. 6.7 miles away); France Cemetery (approx. 8.7 miles away); Cap't Champ Ferguson (approx. 8.7 miles away); “Red Fox” Flynn (approx. 8.8 miles away); Cumberland Mountain School (approx. 9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pleasant Hill.
 
Capt. Champ Ferguson image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lee Hattabaugh, July 25, 2012
4. Capt. Champ Ferguson
Harper's Weekly
Pvt. Mitchell Copeland, 25th Tennessee Infantry image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lee Hattabaugh, July 25, 2012
5. Pvt. Mitchell Copeland, 25th Tennessee Infantry
Courtesy Tennessee Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans
Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
6. Affair at Cumberland Mountain Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 11, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,234 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 11, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   3, 4, 5. submitted on March 20, 2014, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.   6. submitted on October 11, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 25, 2022