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Crossville in Cumberland County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Cumberland County at War

Divided by Conflict

 
 
Cumberland County at War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
1. Cumberland County at War Marker
Inscription.  Divided loyalties in Tennessee produced a bitter and violent Civil War experience in Cumberland County, the only county that did not report a vote either for or against secession. Confederate supporters joined Co. B, Lt. Col. Oliver P. Hamilton’s Tennessee Cavalry Battalion, and Cos. A and B, 28th Tennessee Infantry, among others. Unionist Robert C. Swan formed Co. D, 2nd Tennessee Infantry (USA). Polly Hand and Richard “Red Fox” Flynn conducted Unionists to Federal units in Kentucky via the Underground Railroad network. County founder, state legislator, and Confederate Eldridge Myatt, captured at the Battle of Lookout Mountain, died in the Federal prison at Rock Island, Illinois. Unionists John E. Brewer and John R. Swan died in the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.

Guerillas on both sides killed and wreaked havoc on civilians here. Union raiders “Tinker” Dave Beatty and Harve Shillin (a local resident) stole cattle, horses, plow mules and food. Confederate raiders Champ Ferguson and Col. John M. Hughes stole hundreds of Federal horses. In July 1864, as the 4th Tennessee Infantry (USA) pursued
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them, Maj. T.H. Reeves declared “the citizens…aiders and abettors to the thieving band” and seized their property.

Andrew Kemmer built a false wall to conceal corn from Union soldiers. A neighbor told the Federals, who broke down the wall and took the corn. The Thomas Majors and Samuel Brady families buried a large wooden box of goods in a stable. Years later, the Brady family donated the box to the Cumberland County Military Museum, housed in the former county courthouse before you.

“I understand that there has been some of the good old friends of the Rebellion deceast not long cince all I hated about it was there hadn’t been a few more of them that went the same way. …I walked over the bloody field of Murfreesboro…(and) beheld the carnage and goar at one sight I could behold a thousand men which had just crest the chilly waters of Jordan. I am getting tierd of this unholy war…(w)raping the winding sheat around many a found mothers, nobly boy and sprinkling ther hearth stones with tears.” — Sgt. Azariah Dorton (Cumberland Co. resident), 2nd Tennessee Infantry (USA), June 11, 1863

(captions)
Richard “Red Fox” Flynn (USA) and wife, Zilphia Flynn — Courtesy Gary Brewer
Sgt. John Franklin Cooley (CSA), county resident Courtesy Regina Hodge
Federal artillery in
Cumberland County at War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
2. Cumberland County at War Marker
East Tennessee mountains, Harper’s Weekly, Nov. 21, 1863
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 11, 1863.
 
Location. 35° 56.86′ N, 85° 1.575′ W. Marker is in Crossville, Tennessee, in Cumberland County. Marker is on South Main Street (U.S. 127) north of West 2nd Street, on the right when traveling south. The marker is located in front of Cumberland County Military Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20 S Main St, Crossville TN 38555, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mandy Barnett (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland County's First Steam Engine (within shouting distance of this marker); Milo Lemert Memorial Building (within shouting distance of this marker); In Remembrance of the Korean War (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland County Civil War Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland County Honor Roll (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Built in 1938 (about 300 feet away); Veterans Memorial (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Crossville.
 
Cumberland County Military Memorial Museum image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
3. Cumberland County Military Memorial Museum
Cumberland County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 26, 2013
4. Cumberland County Courthouse
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 11, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,250 times since then and 71 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 11, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 22, 2024