“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dandridge in Jefferson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Attack on Dandridge

Judicious Withdrawal

Attack on Dandridge Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 29, 2013
1. Attack on Dandridge Marker
Inscription.  (preface)
In November 1863, Confederate Gen. James Longstreet led a force from Chattanooga to attack Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’ s army at Knoxville. The campaign failed, and in December Longstreet’s men marched east along the East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad to winter quarters at Russellville, where they remained until March 1864. Numerous small engagements between Longstreet’s and Burnside’s armies occurred during the winter.

(main text)
Downtown Dandridge was a chaotic place on January 17, 1864, as it appeared that a full-scale battle was about to develop. Union Gen. John G. Parke, commanding 26,000 soldiers and 34 artillery pieces here, defended the town against Confederate Gen. James Longstreet’s 20,000 men and 20 guns, advancing from the east. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s cavalrymen were attempting to build a pontoon bridge across the French Broad River, while Col. Moore’s Ohio infantry had been sent east of town to join Gen. Frank Wolford’s cavalry. Capt. Eli Lilly’s artillery was placed on a Dandridge hill to protect Federal positions.

Longstreet’s main force approached the town
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cautiously on three converging roads, with Gen. Micah Jenkins’ sharpshooters in the lead but facing increasing resistance. As Gen. John T. Morgan’s and Col. Thomas Harrison’s cavalry covered the flanks, the main force of infantry an artillery under Gen. William T. Martin moved down Chucky Road to within two miles of Dandridge.

Late in the day, in the parlor of the Bradford-Hynds House to your right, Parke and his commanders met to confer. They assumed that Longstreet had been reinforced and decided against a major battle. With record cold temperatures and signs of impending precipitation, the generals agreed to withdraw overnight to Strawberry Plains near Knoxville.

Discovering the Union retreat the next morning, Longstreet and his general officers gathered in this same house to plan a pursuit. There they found a whisky flask that Gen. Gordon Granger left behind and toasted the Union officer for having forgotten it.

Troop positions on morning of January 17 - Courtesy David C. Smith
Bradford-Hynds House - Courtesy David C. Smith
Gen. James Longstreet Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. John G. Parke Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil
Attack on Dandridge Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 29, 2013
2. Attack on Dandridge Marker
. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1924.
Location. 36° 0.961′ N, 83° 24.916′ W. Marker is in Dandridge, Tennessee, in Jefferson County. Marker is on Gay Street south of East Meeting Street (U.S. 70), on the left when traveling south. The marker is on the property of the Bradford-Hynds House. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1214 Gay Street, Dandridge TN 37725, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Dandridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Jefferson County Jail (within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory of the Revolutionary Soldiers Buried Here (within shouting distance of this marker); J. C. Turnley's Mill Place Grindstone (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Blant’s Hill (about 400 feet away); The Dike That Saved Dandridge (about 500 feet away); Dandridge (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fighting at Dandridge (approx. 2½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dandridge.
Bradford-Hynds House c1845 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 29, 2013
3. Bradford-Hynds House c1845
Bradford-Hynds House image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, April 25, 2016
4. Bradford-Hynds House
Credits. This page was last revised on February 15, 2018. It was originally submitted on October 20, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,125 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 20, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   4. submitted on February 12, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 28, 2023