Colmar Manor in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Bladensburg
This memorial is in honor of Commodore Joshua Barney who made the supreme sacrifice in defense of his country and to his detachment of Marines for their distinguished display of valor and gallantry.
Location. 38° 55.689′ N, 76° 57.24′ W. Marker is in Colmar Manor, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Bladensburg Road (Maryland Route 450) 0.2 miles from 38th Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Marker is located within Fort Lincoln Cemetery, behind the mauseleum. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brentwood MD 20722, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Barney Monument (here, next to this marker); Fort Lincoln Mausoleum The Lincoln Oak (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Little Church of Fort Lincoln (about 300 feet away); Old Spring House (about 400 feet away); Fort Lincoln (about 400 feet away); Abraham Lincoln (about 800 feet away); Living Sculpture (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Colmar Manor.
Regarding Battle of Bladensburg. Commodore Barney commanded the Chespeake Bay Flotilla, which defended the Cheseapeake Bay and central Maryland from attack by the British in the War of 1812. In 1814, as the British pushed up the Patuxent River, Barney scuttled the flotilla and moved his 500 Marines to Bladensburg to help the U.S. Army defend the District of Columbia.
Also see . . . The Man Who Captured Washington - General Robert Ross. (Submitted on November 3, 2009, by Christopher T. George of Baltimore, Maryland.)
1. The Battle of Bladensburg
Fought on the afternoon of August 24, 1814 between an American Army of some 6,200 men,
The men of the Chesapeake Bay Flotilla had five naval guns in the road. Key British officers were wounded during the advance as a result of the cannonballs and/or canister fired by Barney's battery. The British stated that the Sailors and U.S. Marines gave them the "best fighting" they had that day. Barney and his men manned their guns until overrun by the British. The Commodore himself was severely wounded with a musket ball in his thigh that was never removed during his lifetime and that is sometimes said to have contributed to his death in Pittsburgh in 1818, possibly due to lead poisoning. (The musketball is now in the museum of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Washington, D.C.)
2. The Bladensburg Marker
Joshua Barney was the Commodore in charge of the Chesapeake Bay Flotilla. Under his command at Bladensburg were roughly 400 sailors. They were in charge of two 18-pound guns. Those not serving the guns were used as infantry. To the right of Barneys's men were 117 US Marines, including members of the Marine Band, under the command of Capt. Samuel Miller. They had three 12-pound guns. This is why the monument lists Barney's force being 500 men even though the Marines were not directly under command they had cooperated before and Barney did have the higher rank.
Editor's Note: While the actual number of Sailors and Marines appears in dispute, Barney's force was about 500 combined, and he was in command. Thank you for clarifying the number.
— Submitted October 6, 2010.
Categories. • War of 1812 •
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Credits. This page was last revised on November 22, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 29, 2008, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 8,596 times since then and 9 times this year. Last updated on November 7, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1. submitted on January 29, 2008, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. 2, 3. submitted on January 30, 2008, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. 4. submitted on October 12, 2010, by Christopher T. George of Baltimore, Maryland. 5. submitted on February 10, 2008, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.