“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ephraim in Sanpete County, Utah — The American Mountains (Southwest)

Fort Ephraim


Fort Ephraim Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, June 14, 2014
1. Fort Ephraim Marker
Inscription.  There were two forts on this site in 1854-55. The settlers referred to the first structure as Little Fort. Mormon pioneers sent men from other Central Utah settlements on February 7, 1854 to start work on the small fort that would cover about one-and-one-half acres and have a single gate on the west side. These twenty-five men used stone quarried from nearby canyons to build the forts walls 7 feet high and two feet thick. Inside the fortress they built adobe and rock homes and a meeting house/school. The fort completed March 1 of the same year, accommodated the thirty-nine original settlers who mostly came from Manti. Some of these settlers had lived in Ephraim earlier but moved to Manti to seek safety from the Native Americans whose traditional hunting grounds they had settled. An account by these early Mormon settlers notes that the Native Americans moved wickiups close to the small fort and were often in the fort and homes. The settlers gave food and clothing to the Native Americans, some of whom worked for the Mormon settlers.

So many settlers arrived in Fort Ephraim in 1854 that the same year Little Fort was completed, they
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began construction of a larger fort that would enclose the the smaller one. The new arrivals were mostly Mormon converts from Denmark who immigrated to Salt Lake City and were then sent by Brigham Young to “Little Denmark” as Ephraim became known. When finished in 1855, “Big Fort” enclosed “Little Fort” and the block north. It included the entire block east of Main Street and north to First North making it a rectangle. With 4 foot thick walls 14 feet high on the North side and 7 feet high on the remaining perimeter, the fort had both an east and west gate. Besides a perimeter of houses inside the fort, there was a tannery, sawmill, tithing house, bowery, and post office. Officially named Fort Ephraim, the fort covered seven and one half acres at a cost of $12,000. Even though the only extant map shows a square fort, the street names mark the correct location.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Forts and Castles. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1889.
Location. 39° 21.687′ N, 111° 35.063′ W. Marker is in Ephraim, Utah, in Sanpete County. Marker is at the intersection of East 100 North and North 100 East, on the right when traveling east on East 100 North. Marker is on the southwest corner. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ephraim UT 84627, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of
Fort Ephraim Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, June 14, 2014
2. Fort Ephraim Marker
this marker. Snow Academy Building (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Old Fort (about 500 feet away); Ephraim Co-op Building (about 700 feet away); Ephraim Relief Society Granary (about 700 feet away); Canute Peterson House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fort Ephraim Peace Treaty (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Dorius, Jr., House and Barn (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ephraim Carnegie Library (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ephraim.
Fort Ephraim Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, June 14, 2014
3. Fort Ephraim Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 3, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 1,451 times since then and 172 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 3, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 26, 2023