Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation
The development around the falls angered many people. Between 1869 and 1885, the "Free Niagara Movement" worked to rid the falls and adjacent areas of excessive industry and commercialism and create a park that would allow visitors to view the falls in their natural splendor. On July 15, 1885, the "State Reservation at Niagara" was dedicated. Over 75,000 people gathered to celebrate with marching bands, military units, orations, and fireworks. Thomas V. Welch, who led a citizen writing campaign to save the falls, became the park's first superintendent.
Niagara Reservation, the oldest state park in the United States, is now known as Niagara Falls
Industrial blight along the upper and lower American rapids.
Marching unit at park opening.
Thomas V. Welsh.
The Waterfalls of Niagara by R. Hancock. Published on May 17, 1794, by Laurie & Whittle, London.
During his 1869 visit to Niagara Falls, Frederick Law Olmsted became aware of the industrial threat to Niagara's natural beauty. He developed a plan to preserve this scenic wonder for the public that culminated in the establishment of the State Reservation at Niagara.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Environment. In addition, it is included in the National Historic Landmarks series list. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1755.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 43° 5.161′ N, 79° 3.899′ W. Marker was in Niagara Falls
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Lake Ontario (here, next to this marker); The Ice Boom (within shouting distance of this marker); Town of Niagara Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); David Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Chief Clinton Rickard (within shouting distance of this marker); Sophie Martin (within shouting distance of this marker); Niagara County Medal of Honor Monument (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cataract House (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Niagara Falls.
Also see . . .
1. Niagara Falls State Park - Wikipedia. The Niagara Reservation, now named Niagara Falls State Park, was declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1963. (Submitted on December 8, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
2. Thomas Vincent Welch - Wikipedia. There is a marker for him in the database at his mansion. (Submitted on August 30, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 15, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 367 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. 7, 8, 9. submitted on August 30, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. 10. submitted on April 15, 2020, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.