Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake / The War of 1812
Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake. During the War of 1812, a British naval squadron arrived in Hampton Roads on 4 February 1813 to establish a naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay. Later commanded by Adm. Sir George Cockburn, the squadron remained in the Bay for two years. Its missions were to seize USS Constellation, to occupy Norfolk, and to harass, seize, and destroy commercial traffic on the Bay and its tributaries. Although the attempt to seize Norfolk failed, Cockburn’s squadron carried out numerous raids on the James, Rappahannock, York, and Potomac rivers. In August 1814, British forces burned Washington, but were later defeated at Baltimore.
The War of 1812. Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America’s War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk
Erected 2010 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number WY-102.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • War of 1812 • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Department of Historic Resources series list. A significant historical date for this entry is February 4, 1813.
Location. 37° 0.044′ N, 76° 22.047′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Chesapeake Avenue (Virginia Route 167) and Alleghany Road, on the left when traveling west on Chesapeake Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23661, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hampton Roads – World’s Greatest Harbor (here, next to this marker); Olde Wythe During Colonial Times (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Hampton Roads Golf And Country Club (about 500 feet away); The Development Of Olde Wythe (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fertile Hunting Grounds For The Indians (approx. ¼ mile away); Indian River Park – In The Heart Of Olde Wythe Sack of Hampton / The War of 1812 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stalemate in Hampton Roads (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 729 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.