“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Upper Merion Township in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Why Valley Forge?

Why Valley Forge? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, September 13, 2014
1. Why Valley Forge? Marker
Location Matters

Just 20 miles outside Philadelphia, Valley Forge was close enough to monitor British army activities but far enough away to prevent a surprise attack. Washington used this hilly country to his advantage, building defensive lines on the ridges overlooking Philadelphia to the east and nestling the camp against the Schuylkill River to prevent attack from the north. From here he also could protect the outlying regions, including York, where the Continental Congress had fled. The area had abundant fresh water, trees for shelter and firewood, and food and forage from local farms.

Military Action Leading to Valley Forge

After landing at the Head of Elk on the Chesapeake Bay, the British army marched north to capture the American capital, Philadelphia. Although the Continental Army tried valiantly to save the city, their losses at Brandywine and Germantown sealed the city's fate. The move to Valley Forge prevented the British from making any inroads into Pennsylvania’s interior, still heavy with supplies.

National Park Service, Harpers Ferry
Why Valley Forge? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, September 13, 2014
2. Why Valley Forge? Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
Erected by Valley Forge National Historical Park.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Revolutionary.
Location. 40° 6.151′ N, 75° 27.515′ W. Marker is in Upper Merion Township, Pennsylvania, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Valley Forge Park Road (Pennsylvania Route 23) 0.3 miles east of Gulph Road (Pennsylvania Route 3031), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 North Outer Line Drive, King of Prussia PA 19406, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington’s Headquarters (here, next to this marker); North of the River (within shouting distance of this marker); Delaware Monument (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Remembering Valley Forge (about 400 feet away); Commander in Chief’s Guards (about 400 feet away); Headquarters Complex (about 600 feet away); Did You Know? (about 700 feet away); The Village of Valley Forge (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Upper Merion Township.
Also see . . .  Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service (Submitted on September 14, 2014.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 14, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 327 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 14, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Oct. 21, 2021