Dartmouth in Halifax Region, Nova Scotia — The Atlantic Provinces
Of Bough and Bark
This feature represents an example of cultural transfer by emigrants to Canada from their homeland. This dwelling cabin strongly resembles the description of the cabins of the working poor in Northern Scotland and Ireland, as recorded there in the 1830s. The common elements of this and the cabins in Europe are small dimensions, set into an embankment or hillside, earth floors, no flue or chimney, the fire built on the floor. Here at Port Wallace, the roof was of boughs and bark as described by Captain William Moorsom who visited in the late 1820s. In Ireland the roofs of such cabins were described as made of the poorest thatching materials, potato stocks and thistles. Most remarkable is the location of the midden near the door, almost exactly the location of the cess pit as described by the Commissioner of the Poor Laws in Ireland in 1835. This and other features at Port Wallace, home of the lowest strata of the working class, represent an important part of the culture of the early emigrant experience in Canada.
Erected by Shubenacadie Canal Commission. (Marker Number 09.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1835.
Location. 44° 42.064′ N, 63° 33.236′ W. Marker is in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, in Halifax Region. Marker can be reached from Lock Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 54 Lock Road, Dartmouth NS B2X, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Before the Canal (within shouting distance of this marker); A Village of the Most Primitive Description (within shouting distance of this marker); The Fairbanks Solution (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Historic Shubenacadie Canal System (about 120 meters away); Official Groundbreaking 1829 (about 150 meters away); A Testament to Hard Work (about 180 meters away); Waste Weir and Holding Pond (about 180 meters away); Canal Shubenacadie Canal (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dartmouth.
More about this marker. This marker is located in Shubie Park on the west side of the canal.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 19, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 341 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 19, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.