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Near Bolivar in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Confederates Converge

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

 

— National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —

 
Confederates Converge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 5, 2008
1. Confederates Converge Marker
Inscription.  Confederate General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North hinged on eliminating the Harpers Ferry garrison. To do so Lee devised Special Orders 191. He divided his force of 40,000 into four parts. Three columns marched from near Frederick, Maryland, 22 miles northeast of here, to seize the three mountains surrounding Harpers Ferry. The fourth moved north and west toward Hagerstown. Following victory at Harpers Ferry, Lee intended to reunite his army and continue the invasion into Pennsylvania.

Lee assigned Major General "Stonewall" Jackson to command the Harpers Ferry attack. Jackson's columns faced challenging barriers. Long sweeping marches over mountain passes and across the Potomac River required endurance. Once here, "Stonewall's" soldiers had to scale the surrounding heights. Victory demanded coordination, communication, and convergence. Any lapse would enable the Federals to escape.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location.
The Confederates Converge Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 5, 2008
2. The Confederates Converge Wayside
In the background is Bolivar Heights, and the Federal positions held during the battle.
39° 19.302′ N, 77° 46.653′ W. Marker is near Bolivar, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Bakerton Road (County Road 27), on the right when traveling south. Located in the north section of the School House Ridge unit of the Harpers Ferry National Historic Park. The marker is along a walking trail just north of the William L. Wilson Freeway (US 340). The trail is best reached from the parking area on Bakerton Road (CR 27). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Harpers Ferry WV 25425, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Assessing the Obstacle (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fake Attack - September 14th (about 400 feet away); Destined for Antietam (about 600 feet away); Flag Talk (approx. 0.4 miles away); Battle of Harpers Ferry (approx. 0.4 miles away); Allstadt House (approx. half a mile away); A Dangerous Position (approx. half a mile away); The First Line of Defense: The Union Skirmish Line (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bolivar.
 
More about this marker. On the left center of the marker is a map illustrating the movements of the Confederate columns described in the text. On the right is a reproduction describing Special Orders 191 fell into Union hands on September 13, the day the Harpers Ferry attack began. Federal Commander George B. McClellan declared in a telegram to President Lincoln, "I have all the plans of the rebels ... and will catch them in their own trap." On the lower right is a portion of a photograph of Confederates passing through Frederick, Maryland, September 10, beginning their 3-day march toward Harpers Ferry.
 
Also see . . .  1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry. National Park Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on May 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
The Objective - Harpers Ferry image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 17, 2008
3. The Objective - Harpers Ferry
Seen from atop Loudoun Heights, to the east of the convergence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers. Loudoun and Maryland Heights (rising from the river on the right) dominated the city. Once in Confederate hands, the city defenders were isolated and subjected to artillery bombardment.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,213 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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Feb. 28, 2021