Abilene in Taylor County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
45th Infantry Division at Camp Barkeley
In April 1942 the 45th was order to Fort Devens, Massachusetts. After another year of training in three more states they departed for North Africa and Sicily. World War II took the 45th far from Taylor County. They saw fierce combat in Sicily, Italy, France, and Germany, culminating in the liberation of the concentration camp at Dachau in April 1945. After 511 days in combat and 3,650 men lost, the 45th Infantry was one of the most distinguished military units of the war. Eight Congressional Medals of Honor were awarded to its members, who won the admiration of Allies and
The division was released from active duty in November 1945. Hundreds of 45th Infantry soldiers came back to Abilene to marry and make their homes, their love for the city recorded in their letters and their lives. The 45th was again called to active duty during the Korean Conflict, suffering 834 casualties. One “Thunderbird” was posthumously awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor for his Korean service.
Erected 1998 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12214.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: War, Korean • War, World II. A significant historical date for this entry is April 23, 1942.
Location. 32° 26.745′ N, 99° 43.948′ W. Marker is in Abilene, Texas, in Taylor County. Marker is at the intersection of Oak Street and S. 4th Street, on the right when traveling north on Oak Street. Marker is located in the front lawn of the 1914 Taylor County courthouse building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 301 Oak St, Abilene TX 79602, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "I Shall Never Surrender or Retreat" (a few steps from this marker); Honoring E Battery Lost Battalion WWII (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Thornton’s Store (within shouting distance of this marker); Taylor County Veterans MemorialSite of Curfew by John J. Clinton (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Texas & Pacific Railway (approx. ¼ mile away); First Presbyterian Church (approx. ¼ mile away); Pine Street Shootout (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Abilene.
Also see . . . 45th Infantry Division (United States) - Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on December 19, 2014.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 19, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 334 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 19, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.