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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

A Place on the High Ground

Centreville Civil War Forts & Earthworks

 
 
A Place on the High Ground Marker image. Click for full size.
May 26, 2008
1. A Place on the High Ground Marker
Inscription.  In the fall of 1861, after their July defeat at Manassas (Bull Run), Union forces retreated to Washington, D.C. to organize and retrain. Confederate forces concentrated in Centreville to bolster their defense of Northern Virginia and protect access to the Orange and Alexandria Railroad which led to Richmond, the Southern Capital.

As winter set in, 40,000 men constructed a 5-mile defensive line along the high ground of Centreville extending from Cub Run to the west, around Centreville to Little Rocky Run on the south. With local lumber, the men constructed log huts as winter quarters, while Confederate General Johnston established headquarters at Mount Gilead, an early 18th century house located directly across Mount Gilead Road west of this site. The earthen mound you see before you is the historic remains of a section of the defensive network that included earthworks and fortifications and provided thirteen battery positions for seventy-one field guns.

When Union forces eventually marched to Centreville they were shocked to find they had been deceived by the Confederate defenses, as the fortifications were supported by ‘Quaker
Close-up of Photos and Map image. Click for full size.
May 31, 2008
2. Close-up of Photos and Map
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Guns’ – logs painted black to resemble cannon. The earthworks and forts were reused later in the war, by Union forces who further extended the earthworks to fully encircle the town of Centreville.
 
Erected by County of Fairfax, Virginia, Fairfax County Park Authority.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1861.
 
Location. 38° 50.588′ N, 77° 25.638′ W. Marker is in Centreville, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on General Johnston Place, on the right when traveling west. The marker is in The Village of Mt. Gilead neighborhood on General Johnston Place near its intersection with Mount Gilead Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centreville VA 20120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mount Gilead Historic Site (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. John’s Episcopal Church (about 700 feet away); Minnie Minter Carter Saunders (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Stone Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Centreville Methodist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Centreville, Virginia (approx. 0.2 miles away); Newgate Tavern (approx. ¼ mile away); Convicts and Slaves (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centreville.
 
More about this marker. The bottom of the marker has an inscription, Visit other Civil War parks in the Fairfax County Park system at Ox Hill Battlefield Park, Confederate Fortifications Historic Site, Freedom Hill Park and Mt. Eagle Park. Descriptions of these parks can be found at http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/vistors/history/ .
 
Also see . . .
A Place on the High Ground Marker image. Click for full size.
May 26, 2008
3. A Place on the High Ground Marker
View is to the West
1. Map of Centreville Fort Sites and Mount Gilead. Fairfax County Park Authority (Submitted on May 31, 2008.) 

2. Mount Gilead in Context. A Brief History of Centreville and Environs (Submitted on May 31, 2008.) 
 
"Preserved" Centreville Earthworks image. Click for full size.
May 26, 2008
4. "Preserved" Centreville Earthworks
View is to the East
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on May 31, 2008. This page has been viewed 2,284 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 31, 2008. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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