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San Salvador, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)
 

Central America's First Cry of Independence

Primer Grito de Independencia en Centroamérica

 
 
Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
1. Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker
Inscription.  
[East face]
Dios
6 de noviembre
1811-1911
Nicolas, Vicente y Manuel de Aguilar

[North face]
Patria
Juan Manuel Rodríguez
El padre José Matias Delgado arenga al pueblo de San Salvador

[West face]
Libertad
José Matias Delgado
“La República de El Salvador erige este monument en
Celebración del centenario del 5 de noviembre de 1811, en
Que se dio en esta ciudad el primer grito de la independencia De Centro América, y en loor de los Próceres José Matias Delgado, Manuel José Arce, Nicolás, Manuel y Vicente Aguilar Juan Manuel Rodríquez, Miguel y Juan Delgado, Pedro Pablo Castillo, Carlos Fajardo y Francisco Morales, y de todos los Otros ciudadanos que echaron asi los fundamentos de nuestra Nacionalidad, de nuestras repúblicas democráticas y de Nuestras gloriosas y libérrimas instituciones.”

[South face]
Unión
Manuel José Arce
Un cabildo abierto
El gobierno y pueblo de El Salvador, a los ciento cincuenta
Años del Primer Grito de Independencia Centroamericana.
Homenaje al Cabildo de Insurgentes
Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
2. Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker
Detail of the east face of the monument.
Click or scan to see
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del 5 de noviembre de 1811:
Primer Alcalde: Leandro Fagoaga
Segundo Alcalde: Jose Maria Villaseñor
Regidores: Bernardo Arce, Manuel Morales, Domingo Duran, Miguel Rivera, Juan Delgado, Francisco Vallesco, Fernando Silva, Tomas Carrillo
Secretario: Juan Manuel Rodriguez
San Salvador, 5 de Noviembre de 1961

English translation:
[East face]
God
November 5
1811-1911
Nicolas, Vicente y Manuel de Aguilar

[North face]
Country
Juan Manuel Rodríguez
Father José Matias Delgado speaks to the people of San Salvador

[West face]
Freedom
José Matias Delgado
“The Republic of El Salvador erects this monument in
Celebration of the 100th anniversary of November 5, 1811, where
This city gave the first cry of independence
For Central America, and in tribute to the Founders José Matias
Delgado, Manuel José Arce, Nicolás, Manuel and Vicente Aguilar
Juan Manuel Rodríquez, Miguel and Juan Delgado, Pedro Pablo
Castillo, Carlos Fajardo and Francisco Morales, and to all those
Other citizens that formed the foundation of our
Nationality, of our democratic republics and of
Our glorious and free institutions.”

[South face]
Union
Manuel José Arce
An open forum
The government and people
Busts of Delgado (West face) and Manuel Jose Arce (South face). image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
3. Busts of Delgado (West face) and Manuel Jose Arce (South face).
The sculpture on the south face is titled "Un Cabildo Abierto" ("The Forum of the Insurgents").
of El Salvador, to the one hundred and fifty
Years of the First Cry of Central American Independence.
Tribute to the Forum of Insurgents of November 5, 1811:
First Mayor: Leandro Fagoaga
Second Mayor: Jose Maria Villaseñor
Regidores: Bernardo Arce, Manuel Morales, Domingo Duran, Miguel Rivera, Juan Delgado, Francisco Vallesco, Fernando Silva, Tomas Carrillo
Secretary: Juan Manuel Rodriguez
San Salvador, November 5, 1961


 
Erected 1911.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Events. A significant historical year for this entry is 1811.
 
Location. 13° 41.844′ N, 89° 11.37′ W. Marker is in San Salvador. Marker and monument are at La Libertad Park in downtown San Salvador. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General José Manuel Arce (within shouting distance of this marker); El Rosario Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Farmacia Principal (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); In Memory of the Murdered Jesuit Priests (about 180 meters away); Capitán General Gerardo Barrios (about 180 meters away); The National Palace of El Salvador (about 240 meters away); Francisco Morazán (about 240 meters away); Dr. José Matías Delgado (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Salvador.
 
Regarding Central America's First Cry of Independence.
Wide view of Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
4. Wide view of Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker
South and east faces of the monument.
The "First Cry of Independence" from Spain for Central America came on November 5, 1811 in San Salvador. Manuel Jose Arce proclaimed in a speech that "There is no King, no Intendent, no General Captain, we only owe allegiance to our Mayor!" This and other similar proclamations happened in what is now La Libertad Park. This initial proclamation was put down by the Spanish with the arrest and dispersal of those seeking independence. Independence from Spain was finally gained on September 15, 1821 after ten more years of struggle.


The monument was designed by Dyris and constructed by the Italian architect Durini in 1911.
 
Wide view of Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
5. Wide view of Central America's First Cry of Independence Marker
From the east in front of El Rosario Church.
Father Delgado speaking to people of San Salvador (North face). image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
6. Father Delgado speaking to people of San Salvador (North face).
Detail of Juan Manuel Rodriguez (North face) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
7. Detail of Juan Manuel Rodriguez (North face)
"Central America's First Cry of Independence" image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 14, 2015
8. "Central America's First Cry of Independence"
By Luis Vergara Ahumada. This copy can be seen in the Salvadoran Military Museum in San Salvador and shows Father Delgado speaking together with the other Founders.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on March 21, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 413 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 21, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Aug. 13, 2022